Primary Health Care (PHC) is a grass-root management approach to providing health care services to communities. … The primary health care system is a grass-root approach meant to address the main health problems in the community, by providing preventive, curative and rehabilitative services (Gofin, 2005, Olise, 2012).
What are the roles of primary health care in Nigerian health system?
Simply put, primary health care shall provide general health service of preventive, promotive, curative and rehabilitative nature for the population as on the entry point of the health care system.
What are examples of primary health care?
Your primary healthcare practitioner is usually your regular GP, who provides comprehensive and ongoing general medical care, but you may have several primary health professionals you see regularly. For example, a dentist, counsellor, dietitian, osteopath or physiotherapist, are all primary healthcare providers.
What is the concept of primary healthcare?
Primary Health Care is essential health care made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community by means acceptable to them, through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford.
How many PHC are there in Nigeria?
The establishment of NPHCDA and the 30,000 PHC facilities across Nigeria provide an opportunity for the effective implementation of PHC in Nigeria. Therefore, governments have to maximize the opportunity provided by existing PHC facilities to make PHC sustainable in order to strengthen Nigeria’s health-care system.
What are the 5 principles of primary health care?
The principles of primary health care are accessibility, public participation, health promo- tion, appropriate technology and intersectoral cooperation. Accessibility means that the five types of health care are universally available to all clients regardless of geo- graphic location.
What are the roles of primary health care?
THE ROLE OF PRIMARY HEALTH CARE: Primary health care (PHC) is on essential part of health care and its main principles are equity, health promotion and disease prevention, community participation, appropriate health technology and multisectoral approach.
What is the difference between primary health care and primary care?
A: Primary Care is used (mainly in UK and North America) to describe primary medical care or family practice. Primary Health Care is a broader term encompassing a wider range of providers and services and functions and goals.
What are the 8 elements of primary health care?
Specifically, Alma-Ata Declaration has outlined eight essential components of PHC , including: (1) Health education on prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them; (2) Nutritional promotion including food supply; (3) Supply of adequate safe water and sanitation; (4) Maternal and …
What are the 6 principles of primary health care?
Primary Health Care is founded on the interconnecting principles of equity, access, empowerment, community self-determination and intersectoral collaboration. It encompasses an understanding of the social, environmental, economic, cultural and political determinants of health.
What are the 10 components of primary healthcare?
Point out elements of primary health care as drafted by Alma Ata conference.
- Provision of balance diet and maintain cleanliness and sanitation.
- Prevention and control of local endemic diseases.
- Immunization against major infectious diseases.
- Maternal and child health care.
- Provision of essential drugs supply.
Why primary care is important?
A primary care physician is essential to help an individual navigate to good health and stay healthy; preventing disease by identifying risk factors; coordinating and managing chronic disease care for longevity and a better quality of life.
Why is PHC important?
Primary health care is essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of …
Who is the father of PHC?
Grant was the father of primary health care. John Grant was a very distinguished physician who worked with the Rockerfeller Foundation in a number of countries, but his most important contribution was his work in China back in the 1930s.
What are the current health problems in Nigeria?
major health problem in Nigeria. The top causes of death in Nigeria are; malaria, lower respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, road injuries, protein-energy malnutrition, cancer, meningitis, stroke and tuberculosis.
How do I run a PHC?
How to Start an Independent Primary Health Care Clinic
- Buy an Established Clinic.
- Hire an Attorney.
- Acquire the Proper Credentials.
- Get Acquainted with Insurance Providers.