|Republic of Zimbabwe show 13 other official names|
|Demonym(s)||Zimbabwean Zimbo (colloquial)|
|Government||Unitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic|
|• President||Emmerson Mnangagwa|
|• Vice-President||Constantino Chiwenga|
What Zimbabwe used to be called?
The name Zimbabwe was officially adopted concurrently with Britain’s grant of independence in April 1980. Prior to that point, the country had been called Southern Rhodesia from 1898 to 1964 (or 1980, according to British law), Rhodesia from 1964 to 1979, and Zimbabwe Rhodesia between June and December 1979.
What does Zimbabwe mean in Shona?
The word zimbabwe, the country’s namesake, is a Shona (Bantu) word meaning “stone houses.” Ruins of the royal palace at Great Zimbabwe, southeastern Zimbabwe.
Are Zimbabweans mixed?
Coloured Zimbabweans are persons of mixed race claiming both European and African descent, in Malawi, Zambia, and , particularly Zimbabwe. They are also known as Coloureds.
Does Rhodesia exist?
Rhodesia (/roʊˈdiːʒə/, /roʊˈdiːʃə/), officially from 1970 the Republic of Rhodesia, was an unrecognised state in Southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe.
What is Zimbabwe best known for?
Great Zimbabwe was a medieval African city known for its large circular wall and tower. It was part of a wealthy African trading empire that controlled much of the East African coast from the 11th to the 15th centuries C.E.
What is the racial makeup of Zimbabwe?
According to 2012 Census report, 99.6% of the population is of African origin. Of the rest of the population, the great bulk—perhaps 30,000 persons—are white Zimbabweans of European ancestry, a minority which had diminished in size prior to independence.
What does Zimbabwe mean in English?
Many sources hold that “Zimbabwe” derives from dzimba-dza-mabwe, translated from the Karanga dialect of Shona as “houses of stones” (dzimba = plural of imba, “house”; mabwe = plural of bwe, “stone”). … Zimbabwe was formerly known as Southern Rhodesia (1898), Rhodesia (1965), and Zimbabwe Rhodesia (1979).
What was life like in Great Zimbabwe?
At its largest Great Zimbabwe had a population of between 10 000 and 20 000 people. Most of them lived far away from the main stone buildings, with only 200 to 300 royals and advisers living inside the main city, which was the centre of their society.
Who ruled Great Zimbabwe?
1000–1450) was a medieval Shona (Karanga) kingdom located in modern-day Zimbabwe. Its capital, Lusvingo, now called Great Zimbabwe, is the largest stone structure in precolonial Southern Africa. This kingdom came about after the collapse of the Kingdom of Mapungubwe.
Kingdom of Zimbabwe.
Are there Bantus in Zimbabwe?
Bantu peoples are the speakers of Bantu languages, comprising several hundred indigenous ethnic groups in Africa, spread over a vast area from Central Africa across the African Great Lakes to Southern Africa.
List of Bantu groups by country.
|Bantu population (millions, 2015 est.)||14|
Is Shona an ethnicity?
The Shona speaking Zimbabwean people (/ˈʃoʊnə/) are a Bantu ethnic group native to Southern Africa, primarily Zimbabwe (where they form the majority of the population).
How many cultures are in Zimbabwe?
Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, “Koisan” (presumably Tsoa), Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, “sign language” (Zimbabwean sign languages), Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, and Xhosa. Much of the population speaks Bantu languages, such as Shona (chishona) (76%) and Ndebele (18%).
Who won the bush war?
The war ended when, at the behest of both South Africa (its major supporter) and the United States, the Zimbabwe-Rhodesian government ceded power to Britain in the Lancaster House Agreement in December 1979. The UK Government held another election in 1980 to form a new government. The election was won by ZANU.
Who ruled Rhodesia before 1980?
|Colony of Southern Rhodesia|
|• 1936–1952||George VI|
|• 1952–1970a 1979–1980||Elizabeth II|
|• 1923–1928||Sir John Robert Chancellor|
What’s Rhodesia called now?
The territory to the north of the Zambezi was officially designated Northern Rhodesia by the company, and has been Zambia since 1964; that to the south, which the company dubbed Southern Rhodesia, became Zimbabwe in 1980.