Timbuktu, French Tombouctou, city in the western African country of Mali, historically important as a trading post on the trans-Saharan caravan route and as a centre of Islamic culture (c. 1400–1600). It is located on the southern edge of the Sahara, about 8 miles (13 km) north of the Niger River.
Why Timbuktu was an important city?
Timbuktu was the starting point for trans-Saharan camel caravans which transported goods northwards. Timbuktu was one of the most important cities in the Mali Empire because of its location near the Niger River bend and so it was fed by the trade along both the east and west branches of this great water highway.
What city was a center of trade and learning in West Africa?
The capital city of Mali. Under the rule of Mansa Musa the city became the center of trade and learning in west Africa.
What happened to the city Timbuktu?
In the first half of the 15th century, the Tuareg tribes took control of the city for a short period until the expanding Songhai Empire absorbed the city in 1468. A Moroccan army defeated the Songhai in 1591 and made Timbuktu, rather than Gao, their capital.
|Timbuktu Tin Buqt Himba|
Why was Timbuktu a center of learning?
The Arabic chronicles record Timbuktu as a centre of West African Sudan market and scribal culture. Because Timbuktu was at the crossroads of trade routes, the mosques and holy places of Timbuktu were imperative for the development and spread of Islam in Africa in late medieval and early modern times.
Why is Timbuktu a saying?
Rebels in Mali have taken the historic city of Timbuktu, a place that has become shorthand in English for anywhere far away. … Once spelt as Timbuctoo, the city in northern Mali has come to represent a place far away, at the end of the world. As the Oxford English Dictionary puts it, “the most distant place imaginable”.
What is Timbuktu called now?
In 1960 it became part of the newly independent Republic of Mali. Timbuktu is now an administrative centre of Mali.
How did Islam arrive in West Africa?
Islam first came to West Africa as a slow and peaceful process, spread by Muslim traders and scholars. … Goods passed through chains of Muslim traders, purchased, finally, by local non-Muslims at the southern most end of the route.
Where are the Timbuktu manuscripts now?
The books survived for centuries thanks to the dry desert of Timbuktu, but now live in the heavy, tropical climate of Bamako, Mali’s capital.
What became the main language of government trade and Islamic scholarship in West Africa?
What became the main language of government, trade, and Islamic scholarship in West Africa? Arabic became the main language.
What is the religion in Timbuktu?
Timbuktu was a center of Islamic scholarship under several African empires, home to a 25,000-student university and other madrasahs that served as wellsprings for the spread of Islam throughout Africa from the 13th to 16th centuries.
How safe is Timbuktu?
Is Timbuktu safe? You would be surprised to know that nowadays, Timbuktu itself is relatively safe but attempting to travel there by road is a guaranteed one-way ticket. Instead, fearless travelers who are willing to take some risk can go to Timbuktu by: Plane – Usually, on a charter UN flight.
What was the city of Timbuktu best known for?
Timbuktu is best known for its famous Djinguereber Mosque and prestigious Sankore University, both of which were established in the early 1300s under the reign of the Mali Empire, most famous ruler, Mansa Musa.
What is Timbuktu like today?
Eventually, a successful airstrip was established; however, today, Timbuktu is still most commonly reached by camel, motor vehicle, or boat. In 1960, Timbuktu became part of the independent country of Mali.
What do the Timbuktu manuscripts show us and are they worth preserving?
Timbuktu Manuscripts (or Tombouctou Manuscripts) is a blanket term for the large number of historically important manuscripts that have been preserved for centuries in private households in Timbuktu, Mali. The collections include manuscripts about art, medicine, philosophy, and science, as well as copies of the Quran.