You asked: What are the symptoms of malaria in Nigeria?

What is the best treatment for malaria in Nigeria?

Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) has become the standard treatment of uncomplicated malaria.

What causes malaria in Nigeria?

Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites. The parasites are spread to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, called “malaria vectors.” There are 5 parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and 2 of these species – P. falciparum and P.

What are the three symptoms of malaria?

The initial symptoms of malaria are flu-like and include:

  • a high temperature of 38C or above.
  • feeling hot and shivery.
  • headaches.
  • vomiting.
  • muscle pains.
  • diarrhoea.
  • generally feeling unwell.

What drugs are used to cure malaria?

  • chloroquine (Aralen),
  • doxycycline (Vibramycin, Oracea, Adoxa, Atridox),
  • quinine (Qualaquin),
  • mefloquine (Lariam),
  • atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone),
  • artemether/lumefantrine (Coartem), and.
  • primaquine phosphate (Primaquine).

Which type of malaria is common in Nigeria?

Malaria in Nigeria is principally due to Plasmodium falciparum and, to a lesser extent to Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium ovale. Plasmodium vivax is thought to be absent in Nigeria in particular and sub-Saharan Africa in general, due to the near fixation of the Duffy negative gene in this population.

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Which organ is most affected in malaria?

Beyond the brain, the lungs are the most affected organ in severe malaria. Lung dysfunction occurs in 20% of all cases of adults with falciparum [3] or vivax [27] severe malaria.

How do you feel when you have malaria?

Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite. The parasite is spread to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. People who have malaria usually feel very sick with a high fever and shaking chills.

How bad is malaria in Nigeria?

According to the 2019 World Malaria Report, Nigeria had the highest number of global malaria cases (25 % of global malaria cases) in 2018 and accounted for the highest number of deaths (24 % of global malaria deaths).

What happens if malaria is left untreated?

If malaria is left untreated, it could result in anemia, jaundice, mental confusion, kidney failure, a coma, seizures and even death.

What are the symptoms of malaria and typhoid?

Signs and symptoms include:

  • Fever that starts low and increases daily, possibly reaching as high as 104.9 F (40.5 C)
  • Headache.
  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • Muscle aches.
  • Sweating.
  • Dry cough.
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss.
  • Stomach pain.

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What is the best treatment for malaria?

Each year, more than 400 000 people die of malaria – a treatable disease. For rapid and effective case management of the disease, both early diagnosis and treatment of malaria are essential. The best available treatment, particularly for P. falciparum malaria, is artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT).

What is malaria test called?

Rapid diagnostic test.

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Also called RDT or antigen testing, this is a quick option when blood draws and smears aren’t available. Blood taken from a prick on your finger is put on a test strip that changes color to show whether you have malaria or not.

How much does it cost to diagnose malaria?

The average cost of diagnosis by microscopy was USD 6.98 per test, including material cost (USD 0.18) and labor cost (USD 6.80, Table 1). In terms of treatment cost, the average cost of oral medication for malaria outpatient was USD 6.04 (chloroquine and primaquine) or 4.53 (dihydroartemisinic and piperaquine).

Can I have malaria without fever?

Some patients may not have fever at all and may present with other symptoms listed below. Many present with fever of various patterns – low grade to high grade, with or without chills, intermittent to continuous, or even as cases of prolonged fever.

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