Niger’s climate is largely hot and dry, with most of the country in a desert region. The terrain is predominantly desert plains and sand dunes. There are also large plains in the south and hills in the north. In the extreme south, there is a tropical climate near the edges of the Niger River Basin.
What landforms are in Niger?
Some of the land forms found in the country include river deltas, plateaus, coastal plains, hills and mountains. The country features natural land forms such as the Niger River Delta, the Obudu Plateau in the Sankwala Mountains and the Zuma Rock, a 725-meter monolith just north of the country’s capital.
Is Niger a desert?
Climate of Niger. Niger extends southward from the tropic of Cancer, and the northern two-thirds of its territory lies in dry tropical desert. In the southern part of the country the climate is of the type known as Sahelian, which is characterized by a single, short rainy season.
What landform is found in northern Niger?
As visible on the physical map above, large parts of Niger is covered by the Sahara Desert. In the north, the Air Mountains punctuate the Sahara desert in a north-south direction with a series of nine massifs.
|Legal Name||Republic of Niger|
|GDP Per Capita||$554.60|
Why is Niger called Niger?
The country takes its name from the Niger River, which flows through the southwestern part of its territory. The name Niger derives in turn from the phrase gher n-gheren, meaning “river among rivers,” in the Tamashek language.
Does it get cold in Niger?
In winter, in the Djado Plateau and in the Aïr Massif, but sometimes also in the Ténéré Desert, nights can be cold, and the temperature can sometimes drop to around freezing (0 °C or 32 °F), while daytime temperatures are around 20/25 °C (68/77 °F).
How much of Niger is desert?
More than 80 percent of this landlocked country is covered by the Sahara Desert. Named after the Niger River, Niger is the largest nation in West Africa. The Sahara Desert covers more than 80 percent of its land. Even its non-desert portions are threatened by drought.
Is Niger safe to live?
There are a number of health risks in Niger that should be considered before an expatriate embarks upon a trip there. … Poverty in Niger is high; as a result, the levels of crime, particularly in Niamey, the country’s capital, are high. One of the most prevalent forms of crime that expatriates are at risk of is theft.
What is Niger famous for?
Niger sits on some of the world’s largest uranium deposits, but is one of the “Heavily Indebted Poor Countries” (HIPC). Its economy is based on subsistence agriculture, like crops and livestock, and the export of raw commodities.
Why is Niger so poor?
Causes of poverty in Niger include limited arable land, widespread illiteracy and agricultural vulnerability to climate shock. An integral part of Niger’s culture is the hereditary system of distributing land. This system is not sustainable because the land becomes further divided with each generation.
Why is the Niger river dangerous?
The health hazards become most serious during the rains, which bring flooding and a sharp rise in water-born diseases. Cholera outbreaks are common. Every year hundreds of people die from this severe diarrhoeal disease which is spread through contaminated water.
What animals live in the Niger River?
Many varieties of fish are found in the Niger and its tributaries; the chief food species are catfish, carp, and Nile perch. Other Niger fauna include hippopotamuses, at least three different types of crocodiles (including the much-feared Nile crocodile), and a variety of lizards. There is a rich collection of birds.
Who named River Niger?
The Niger is believed to have been named by the Greeks. Along its course it is known by several names. These include the Joliba (Malinke: “great river”) in its upper course; the Mayo Balleo and the Isa Eghirren in its central reach; and the Kwarra, Kworra, or Quorra in its lower stretch.
What do we call a person from Niger?
Though “Nigerien” is the formal name for a resident of Niger, other sources such as the BBC and Associated Press often refer to the country’s residents as “Nigerois” to create a clear difference between residents of Niger and Nigeria.
What is someone from Niger called?
Nigeriens is the accepted term/spelling used to describe people from Niger… not to be confused with Nigerians which is used to describe people from Nigeria.