The Nile River’s basin spans across the countries of Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, and Tanzania. … The Blue Nile begins near Lake Tana in Ethiopia. The Nile River empties into the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt.
Does Ethiopia own the Nile River?
Today, however, Ethiopia is building the Grand Renaissance Dam and, with it, Ethiopia will physically control the Blue Nile Gorge—the primary source of most of the Nile waters.
Does River Nile flow from Egypt to Ethiopia?
In particular, the Nile is the primary water source of Egypt and Sudan. The Nile has two major tributaries – the White Nile and the Blue Nile.
|The river in Uganda|
|Countries||Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Congo, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi|
Why is the Nile important to Ethiopia?
The river was a major source of the flooding of the Nile in Egypt that contributed to the fertility of the Nile Valley and the consequent rise of Ancient Egypt and Egyptian mythology. … In November 2012, Ethiopia began construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, a 6000-megawatt hydroelectric dam on the river.
Does the Blue Nile originates in Ethiopia?
Who owns Nile?
Egypt entirely controls the river’s flow from the moment it crosses the border from Sudan and is captured by the High Aswan dam, built by Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser with Russian help in the 1960s.
Has the Nile ever dried up?
The fertile arc-shaped basin is home to nearly half the country’s population, and the river that feeds it provides Egypt with 90% of its water needs. But climbing temperatures and drought are drying up the mighty Nile – a problem compounded by rising seas and soil salinization, experts and farmers say.
How much does Egypt rely on the Nile?
Egypt relies on the Nile for 90% of its water. It has historically asserted that having a stable flow of the Nile waters is a matter of survival in a country where water is scarce. A 1929 treaty (and a subsequent one in 1959) gave Egypt and Sudan rights to nearly all of the Nile waters.
Why did they dam the Nile?
The dam is designed to control the Nile water for the expansion of cultivation and for the generation of hydroelectric power and to provide protection downstream for both crops and population against unusually high floods. The work began in 1959 and was completed in 1970.
Why does Egypt need the Nile?
The most important thing the Nile provided to the Ancient Egyptians was fertile land. Most of Egypt is desert, but along the Nile River the soil is rich and good for growing crops. … They also sold a lot of their wheat throughout the Middle East helping the Egyptians to become rich.
Who paid for Ethiopian dam?
Ethiopia has a potential for about 45 GW of hydropower. The dam is being funded by government bonds and private donations.
Is White Nile bigger than Blue Nile?
The Nile is composed of two tributaries: the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The White Nile, which is the longer of the two, begins at Lake Victoria in Tanzania and flows north until it reaches Khartoum, Sudan, where it converges with the Blue Nile. The Blue Nile begins near Lake Tana in Ethiopia.
What is the difference between the Blue Nile and the White Nile?
Blue Nile and White Nile are two tributaries of the Nile that flow from the South into what is referred to as the Nile proper, the longest river in the world. While the White Nile is the longer tributary, the Blue Nile is the main source of water and fertile soil.
Why Blue Nile is called Blue?
Prof. Saifeddin says the name ‘Blue Nile’ was given to the River by Sudanese who call everything which is dark in color ‘Azraq(Blue). They called this Nile blue because of its dark turbid color due to the heavy silt it carries, in comparison with the White Nile that seems clear.
What animals live in the Nile River?
Some of the most noted fauna of the Nile River are mentioned below.
- Nile Monitor.
- African Tigerfish. …
- Nile River Snakes. …
- Nile Soft-shelled Turtle. …
- Nile Perch. …
- Hippopotamus. …
- Nile Crocodile. The Crocodylus niloticus or the Nile crocodile is one of the most feared and revered residents of the Nile River. …
Why is it called the Blue and White Nile?
The White Nile (Arabic: النيل الأبيض an-nīl al-‘abyaḍ) is a river in Africa, one of the two main tributaries of the Nile, the other being the Blue Nile. … The name comes from colouring due to clay carried in the water.