Why is the infant mortality rate high in Kenya?

Why is Kenya infant mortality rate so high?

Pneumonia, diarrhoea and malaria remain the leading cause of child mortality, and under nutrition contributes to more than 1/3 of all deaths.

What causes high infant mortality rate?

Causes of Infant Mortality

Preterm birth and low birth weight. Maternal pregnancy complications. Sudden infant death syndrome. Injuries (e.g., suffocation).

Why does Africa have a high infant mortality rate?

The causes of high infant mortality rate (IMR) in SSA are well known. … The main causes are, in order of importance, neonatal causes (26%), child pneumonia (21%), malaria (18%), diarrhoea (16%), HIV/AIDS (6%), measles (5%) and accidents (2%).

What is the infant mortality rate in Kenya?

In 2019, the infant mortality rate in Kenya was at about 31.9 deaths per 1,000 live births.

What affects child mortality rates?

It was found that the rate of fertility, adult female literacy rate, prevalence of HIV, and access to an improved water source all significantly impacted the rate of child mortality for a country.

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How is child mortality rate calculated?

Definition: INFANT MORTALITY RATE is the number of resident newborns in a specified geographic area (country, state, county, etc.) dying under one year of age divided by the number of resident live births for the same geographic area (for a specified time period, usually a calendar year) and multiplied by 1,000.

What country has the highest infant mortality rate 2020?

Afghanistan has the highest infant mortality rate of 110.6.

Who has the highest infant mortality rate?

This statistic shows the 20 countries* with the highest infant mortality rate in 2021. An estimated 106.75 infants per 1,000 live births died in the first year of life in Afghanistan in 2021.

Characteristic Child deaths in the first year of life per 1,000 live births
Mali 62.31
Angola 60.58

Why is US child mortality so high?

The two main reasons for the higher U.S. mortality were “congenital malformations, which patients cannot really do much about other than ensuring adequate screening during pregnancy, and high risk of sudden unexpected deaths in infancy, which should largely be preventable through appropriate sleeping arrangements,” …

Where is child mortality the highest?

Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest under-five mortality rate in the world—76 deaths per 1,000 live births.

Why is it important to reduce child mortality?

Millennium Development Goal 4: Reduce child mortality

Programmes to improve household food security and nutrition information increase children’s chances of growing to adulthood. FAO programmes assist poor households and communities to secure access to nutritionally adequate diets and reduce child undernutrition.

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What is the highest cause of death in Africa?

Although HIV is not one of the leading causes of death worldwide, it remains within the top five leading causes of death in Africa.

Distribution of the leading causes of death in Africa in 2019.

Characteristic Distribution of causes of death
Ischaemic heart disease 5.5%
Stroke 5.5%
Malaria 5%
Tuberculosis 4.9%

What is the death rate in Kenya 2020?

Kenya – Crude death rate

Kenya death rate was at level of 5.3 per 1,000 people in 2020, down from 5.4 per 1,000 people previous year, this is a change of 0.89%.

What is the life expectancy of Kenya 2020?

Kenya life expectancy at birth was at level of 66.99 years in 2020, up from 66.7 years previous year, this is a change of 0.44%.

What is the life expectancy rate in Kenya?

The current life expectancy for Kenya in 2021 is 66.95 years, a 0.39% increase from 2020. The life expectancy for Kenya in 2020 was 66.70 years, a 0.39% increase from 2019. The life expectancy for Kenya in 2019 was 66.44 years, a 0.39% increase from 2018.

Across the Sahara