Nigeria’s population has been increasing rapidly for at least the last 5 decades due to very high birth rates, quadrupling its population during this time. Growth was fastest in the 1980s, after child mortality dropped rapidly, and has slowed slightly since then as the birth rate has declined slightly.
What factors affect population growth in Nigeria?
What are the factors affecting population growth in Nigeria?
- Political. The government doesn’t provide enough facilities to control the number of people. …
- Lack of knowledge about family planning. …
- Health. …
- Old-age social security. …
- Biological. …
- Social. …
- Immigration/emigration. …
- Economic development and new technologies.
Is population increase a problem in Nigeria?
In effect, Nigeria has no population policy that would limit births, and Nigerians have traditionally valued large families. Yet the country’s rapid population growth, especially in urban areas, poses difficult economic, social, and public health challenges.
What are the 5 most densely populated countries?
Macao, Monaco, Singapore, Hong Kong and Gibraltar are the five most densely populated.
Which are three main factors that cause population change?
The three main causes of population change
- Births – usually measured using the birth rate (number of live births per 1,000 of the population per year).
- Deaths – usually measured using the death rate (number of deaths per 1,000 of the population per year).
- Migration – the movement of people in and out of an area.
What problems are caused by population growth?
Unsustainable population growth and lack of access to reproductive health care also puts pressure on human communities, exacerbating food and water shortages, reducing resilience in the face of climate change, and making it harder for the most vulnerable communities to rise out of intergenerational poverty.
What are the population problems?
Both domestic and global population growth is adding to conflicts over water, energy, food, open space and wilderness, transportation infrastructure, school rooms, and numerous other problems. … In developing countries, large family size is a major cause of poverty and poor health.
Which is the lowest population country?
The Smallest Countries
The three least populated countries in the world are Vatican City, an enclave in the city of Rome in Italy, Monaco, a principality on the Mediterranean coast and an enclave within Southern France, and Nauru, a tiny island country in Micronesia in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Which is the most densely populated country?
Countries with the highest population density worldwide in 2019 (in inhabitants per square km)
|Characteristic||Population density in inhabitants per square km|
|China, Macao SAR||21,419.6|
|China, Hong Kong SAR||7,082.1|
What is the most overpopulated country in the world?
China, with a population of 1.44 billion, is the most populous country worldwide.
The 50 Most Populous Countries.
What causes populations to increase?
The major reason for population changes, whether in an individual country or for the whole world, is the change in birth and death rates. When birth rates are higher than death rates the population of an area will increase. … This is known as natural increase.
What factors are responsible for population?
Population growth is based on four fundamental factors: birth rate, death rate, immigration, and emigration.
What factors affect the population pyramid?
The fertility rate of a population is the single most important influence on the shape of a population pyramid. The more children per parent, the broader will be the base of the pyramid. The median age of the population will also be younger.