Ife is regarded by the Yoruba people as the place where their deities created humans. These bronze heads are evidence of additional trade since Ife-made glass beads have been found widely in West Africa.
What made IFE significant According to Yoruba myth?
According to Yoruba myth, Ife was the center of the creation of the world and all mankind. Ife was home to many sacred groves located in the city’s forests. … Its elaborate beaded headdress, possibly representing a crown, suggest that it was associated with an Ooni, a ruler of Ife.
What is the significance of Ife culture in Nigeria history?
Ife is world famous for its art. Between 700 and 900 A.D. the city began to develop as a major artistic center. By the 12th Century Ife artists were creating bronze, stone, and terracotta sculptures, some of which are found today in museums in Nigeria, Europe, and North America.
What is Ife terracotta?
Ife terracotta works constitute a large and diverse corpus that includes sculptures and vessels depicting human, animal, and otherworldly subjects. … Among the many objects found are terracotta lids depicting animals that appear to have been divined to provide a lasting memory of a successful ritual.
What is Ife known for?
Named as the city of 401 deities, Ife is home to many worshippers of these deities and is where they are routinely celebrated through festivals. Ilé-Ifè is famous worldwide for its ancient and naturalistic bronze, stone and terracotta sculptures, dating back to between 1200 and 1400 A.D.
|Ilé-Ifẹ̀ Ifè Oòyè|
How old is the Yoruba?
The Yoruba-speaking peoples share a rich and complex heritage that is at least one thousand years old. Today 18 million Yoruba live primarily in the modern nations of southwestern Nigeria and the Republic of Benin.
Why is the Yoruba city of life special?
For the Yoruba, the city is located at the epicenter of not only Yorubaland but of the entire world, of not only all that has existed and all that exists, but of all that will ever exist. It is the birthplace of gods and humans alike and the core of Yoruba identity.
What is the oldest art culture in Nigeria?
The Nok culture (or Nok civilization) is a population whose material remains are named after the Ham village of Nok in Kaduna State of Nigeria, where their terracotta sculptures were first discovered in 1928.
|Geographical range||West Africa|
Which kingdom is the oldest kingdom in Nigeria?
The Nri Kingdom in the Awka area was founded in about 900 AD in north central Igboland, and is considered the oldest kingdom in Nigeria.
How many deities are in Ile-Ife?
Ile-Ife is renowned as the city of 401 deities. It is said that every day of the year the traditional worshippers celebrate a festival of one of these deities.
What are kings in Ife called?
Traditionally, kingmakers from within the family choose the Ooni of Ife from descendents of the Yoruba god Oduduwa in consultation with their oracle, known as Ifa.
What is Igbo Ukwu art?
“The inhabitants of Igbo-Ukwu had a metalworking art that flourished as early as the ninth century. Three sites have been excavated, revealing hundreds of ritual vessels and regalia castings of bronze or leaded bronze that are among the most inventive and technically accomplished bronzes ever made.
What is the king from Ife holding?
This brass figure, discovered in Ife, represents one of those sacred kings and dates from the 11th or 12th century C.E. (A.D.). He wears the traditional regalia of a king, a beaded crown and necklaces, and holds in his hands a scepter and a medicine horn, the symbols of his power and authority.
What does the name Ife mean?
a male or female given name: from a Yoruba word meaning “love.”
Which state is Ife located in Nigeria?
Ile-Ife, also called Ife or Ife-Lodun, town, Osun state, southwestern Nigeria. The town lies at the intersection of roads from Ibadan (40 miles [64 km] west), Ilesha, and Ondo. It is one of the larger centres and probably the oldest town of the Yoruba people.
Where were most of the Ife heads found?
Most of the objects found in the Wunmonije Compound and neighbouring areas ended up in the National Museum of Ife, but a few pieces left Nigeria and are now in the collections of major museums.