Chad is a low-income, land-locked country that suffers from chronic food and nutrition insecurity due to the effects of regional conflict, frequent drought, limited income-generating opportunities, and restricted access to social services.
Why does Chad have food insecurity?
Drought has further exacerbated the food security situation. Last year was one of the most difficult lean seasons in years, causing the number of people classed as food insecure in the Lake Chad population to reach five million in some areas. Famine was only avoided by an increase in food aid.
What is the extent of food scarcity in Chad?
It is estimated that 350,000 people in Chad are facing imminent starvation. In addition, 87% of all children in Chad suffer from some form of malnutrition, with 45% suffering from stunted growth.
What is the main cause of food insecurity?
Drought and conflict are the main factors that have exacerbated the problem of food production, distribution and access. High rates of population growth and poverty have also played a part, within an already difficult environment of fragile ecosystems.
What is the diet in Chad?
Chadians use a medium variety of grains, vegetables, fruits and meats. Commonly consumed grains include millet, sorghum, and rice as staple foods. Commonly eaten vegetables include okra and cassava. A variety of fruits are also eaten.
How bad is food insecurity in Chad?
In Chad, 350,000 people are in danger of starvation due to failing food supplies, losing their animals, their lands and crops, and being unable to carry out activities like fishing.
Is Chad poor or rich?
Chad is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world; most of its inhabitants live in poverty as subsistence herders and farmers. Since 2003 crude oil has become the country’s primary source of export earnings, superseding the traditional cotton industry.
What are the living conditions in Chad?
63 per cent of Chadians live a life in poverty. Due to the lack of access to basic education, only 32 per cent of the population know how to read and write. Life expectancy is extremely low at only 48 years at birth. Chad is affected by natural disasters on a regular basis.
What can we do to help Chad?
- Donor-advised funds (DAF) donations.
- Legacy giving. Name MSF as a charity beneficiary of IRA. Give charitable gift annuities (charitable gifts) Charitable lead annuity trusts. Request a legacy (planned giving) brochure.
- Become a monthly donor.
- Make a donation to honor someone.
- Corporate support.
How does poverty affect Chad?
Poor Health Conditions in Chad Lead to Disease
Along with malaria, lower respiratory diseases contribute to Chad’s high mortality rate – the most common and deadliest of those being meningitis. Lower respiratory tract infections occur in the lungs and can sometimes affect the brain and spinal cord.
What are the negative effects of food insecurity?
This research has found that food insecurity is associated with increased risks of some birth defects, 5 anemia, 6,7 lower nutrient intakes, 8 cognitive problems, 9 and aggression and anxiety.
How can we solve food insecurity?
Solutions to Food Insecurity
- Reduce Food Waste. …
- Reduce the Risk of Commercialising. …
- Improve Existing Infrastructural Programs. …
- Improve Trade Policies. …
- Promote Diversification. …
- Close the Yield Gap. …
- Work Towards Defeating Climate Change.
How can we prevent food insecurity?
8 Best Ways to Combat Food Insecurity in Your Community
- Work with Feeding America. …
- Find Mutual Aid networks. …
- Contact your representatives. …
- Stock a community fridge. …
- Volunteer at a food bank. …
- Support Black-operated food justice initiatives. …
- Organize a food drive. …
- Set up a community garden.
What is the main food in Chad?
Meats include goats, beef, sheep and chicken, with goat being the most common livestock. Boule, a porridge like dish, is the most common national dish. It is consumed every day. The porridge is made from millet in the south and maize is more commonly used in the north.
What fruits grow in Chad?
Dates, guava and mangoes also grow in various parts of Chad.
How healthy is Chad?
Access to basic health care is limited in Chad and the country has a high prevalence of malnutrition, malaria, and outbreaks of disease. The country experiences relatively subpar health indicators with few options to improve due to weak health policies and healthcare shortages.