The British used a method called Indirect rule in African colonies as a way of giving traditional African leaders new titles as colonial administrators. As Britain took control of the Gold Coast they dominated trade, introduced new techniques, grew new crops, and demand control of other areas.
Why did the British use the indirect rule?
Lack of Roads: The British could not easily reach most parts of its’ colonies because the colonies were vast with bad roads and lack of the means of communication. Hence local rulers were empowered to rule for them. … Therefore the British used indirect rule in order to pass government policies to the people.
Why did the British colonize Ghana?
Two major factors laid the foundations of British rule and the eventual establishment of a colony on the Gold Coast: British reaction to the Asante wars and the resulting instability and disruption of trade, and Britain’s increasing preoccupation with the suppression and elimination of the slave trade.
Who introduced indirect rule in Ghana?
The application of indirect rule in the Gold Coast became essential, especially after Asante and the Northern Territories were brought under British rule. Before the effective colonization of these territories, the intention of the British was to use both force and agreements to control chiefs in Asante and the north.
How did the British used indirect rule in Africa?
British policy in Western Africa
system subsequently institutionalized as “indirect rule.” Essentially, local government was to be left in the hands of the traditional chiefs, subject to the guidance of European officers.
Who is the father of indirect rule?
Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard (1858-1945), was a British imperialist and colonial administrator in Africa. He made significant contributions to the theory and practice of the British colonial policy of indirect rule. Frederick Lugard was born on Jan. 22, 1858, of missionary parents in India.
What is the definition of indirect rule?
noun. A system of government of one nation by another in which the governed people retain certain administrative, legal, and other powers. ‘This policy of indirect rule left local political arrangements and traditions largely intact.
Is Ghana rich or poor?
While Ghana is considered to be among the least developed countries in the world, it is rated as one of the fastest growing economies in Africa. It is a low-income economy; using the purchasing power parity conversion (which allows for the low price of many basic commodities in Ghana) GDP per head was US$1,900 in 1999.
How long was Ghana colonized by the British?
The 56 years of British rule that followed did not immediately weld into one state the three elements of the territory—the colonies of the Gold Coast and Asante and the protectorate of the Northern Territories—to which after World War I was added a fourth, under mandate from the League of Nations, the western part of …
Which country colonized Ghana first?
Colonialism is a big topic, but it can only be understood by looking at human experiences. Formal colonialism first came to the region we today call Ghana in 1874, and British rule spread through the region into the early twentieth century. The British called the territory the “Gold Coast Colony”.
Who changed the name Gold Coast to Ghana?
Gold Coast & European Exploration: Before March 1957 Ghana was called the Gold Coast. The Portuguese who came to Ghana in the 15th Century found so much gold between the rivers Ankobra and the Volta that they named the place Mina – meaning Mine. The Gold Coast was later adopted to by the English colonisers.
What is indirect rule in Ghana?
According to Lugard, Indirect Rule was a political doctrine which held that the Europeans and Africans were culturally different to this extent, Africans had to be ruled through the Africans own institution.
Where did Ghanaian slaves go?
Captured by slavers, they were marched along dirt tracks for 200 kilometers (125 miles) to slave castles perched on the Atlantic Coast, where they boarded ships for North America. They never saw their homeland again. From here in Adidwan, the slaves were forced south, passing through the gold-mining town of Obuasi.
How did Britain rule Africa?
The British had been heavily involved in the West African slave trade in the 1700s. The trade was abolished in the early 1800s and the British put a lot of effort into trying to wipe out slavery and the slave trade in all of Africa. This changed Britain’s relations with West Africa.
What was the effect of indirect rule?
This choice had important consequences for state development: while direct rule implies the creation of a new and persistent admin- istrative capacity as documented by historians, indirect rule may create local despots, which can have detrimental effects on political institutions in the long-run (Acemoglu, Chaves, …
How did Britain rule their African colonies?
Great Britain used indirect rule to control their colonies. This means that they appointed African tribe leaders to do their work while they safely stayed in Britain.