Who first explored Morocco?

The recorded history of Morocco begins with the Phoenician colonization of the Moroccan coast between the 8th and 6th centuries BCE, although the area was inhabited by indigenous Berbers for some two thousand years before that.

Who was Morocco colonized by?

The French Protectorate consisted of a majority, about nine-tenths, of Morocco. France controlled the Moroccan land to the south of the Spanish Protectorate. The capital city of the French Protectorate was Rabat (History of Morocco to the Present Day, Moroccansands.com).

When did Morocco become Morocco?

Morocco was made a French protectorate in 1912 but regained independence in 1956. Today it is the only monarchy in North Africa.

When was Morocco founded?

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What was Morocco called before?

Morocco was known as the Kingdom of Marrakesh under the three dynasties that made Marrakesh their capital. Then, it was known as the Kingdom of Fes, after the dynasties which had Fez as their capital.

Is Morocco African or Arab?

The Kingdom of Morocco is the most westerly of the North African countries known as the Maghreb – the “Arab West”. It has Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines, a rugged mountain interior and a history of independence not shared by its neighbours.

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Did Germany invade Morocco?

During World War II, Morocco, which was then occupied by France, was controlled by Vichy France from 1940 to 1942 after the occupation of France by Nazi Germany. However, after the North African Campaign, Morocco was under Allied control and thus was active in Allied operations until the end of the war.

Is Morocco truly African?

Morocco is a Northern African country, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and the annexed Western Sahara. It is one of only three nations (along with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.

Is Morocco an Arab country?

Morocco has long been considered the most Western-oriented society in the Arab world. … For Morocco is not an Arab country at all, but a Berber one with a deceptive Arab veneer. Half the Moroccan population speaks Berber, a Hamitic language similar to ancient Libyan with an alphabet that bears no resemblance to Arabic.

What are 5 interesting facts about Morocco?

The Best Facts about Morocco

  • Morocco in Arabic is Al Maghreb which means the place where the sun sets.
  • It borders two seas.
  • It is only 8 miles from Europe.
  • There are no camels in Morocco only dromedaries.
  • Berbers make up around 40% of the population.
  • The best rapper in the country is called Muslim. …
  • Morocco is a Muslim country.

When did Spain lose Morocco?

How did the Rif War start? Tension between colonial Spanish forces and Rif peoples in northern Morocco culminated in a series of guerrilla attacks led by Berber leader Abd el-Krim on Spanish fortifications in June–July 1921. Within weeks, Spain lost all of its territory in the region.

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What is the Race of Morocco?

The Moroccan population is mainly made up of Arabs, a mixture of Arab-Berber and Sunni Muslims of Berber descent. There is also a group of people referred to as the Gnaoua and Haratin, which are a highly mixed or black race of people.

What was the religion in Morocco before Islam?

Morocco first experienced Christianity while under Roman rule, as the Empire converted to the faith in its later years. Many of the pre-Christian religions were then reduced in number as Christianity spread.

Who is the most famous person in Morocco?

The biggest celebrity in Morocco has remained King Mohamed VI since 1999. An untouchable star, commander of believers and head of state, son of Hassan II, he has controlled the country with an iron fist for the last 15 years.

Is Morocco still a French colony?

1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General. Spain continues to operate its coastal protectorate.

What language do they speak in Morocco?

Arabic

Across the Sahara