Tetteh Quarshie (1842 – 25 December 1892) was a pre-independence Ghanaian agriculturalist and the person directly responsible for the introduction of cocoa crops to Ghana, which today constitute one of the major export crops of the Ghanaian economy.
When did cocoa came to Ghana?
In 1870 Tetteh Quarshie introduced the cocoa crops to Ghana (a pre-independence Ghanaian) which today constitute one of the major export crops of the Ghanaian economy.
Who was the founder of cocoa?
Cocoa was first developed as a crop in many ancient South American cultures, with the Aztecs and Mayans being the most well-known of these indigenous populations. Researchers have found evidence of cocoa-based food dating back several thousand years.
Where was cocoa first planted in Ghana?
However, cocoa cultivation really only became widespread after 1879, when a Ghanaian blacksmith called Tetteh Quarshie is said to have brought some amelonado cocoa pods from the island of Fernando Po, 32km off the west coast of Africa, and established the first cocoa farm in the highly fertile soil of the Eastern …
Who introduced cocoa in Africa?
In Nigeria, the position is very similar to that of the Gold Coast. For cocoa is alleged to have been first introduced there by a native chief called “Squiss Banego” in 1874—also from Fernando Po. He established a cocoa farm in the Bonny district and cultivation spread.
Is Ghana famous for chocolate?
Ghana is the second-largest supplier of cocoa to the global market—cocoa beans from Ghana make up about 25 percent of the global supply. The country is widely known for its cocoa beans, but not its chocolate.
How much money does Ghana make from cocoa?
Cocoa farmers in Ghana make $1/day, while those in Côte d’Ivoire make around $0.78/day—both significantly below the extreme poverty line. Farmers are often unable to bear the costs of cocoa farming as a result of low incomes.
Where did cocoa originally come from?
It was first domesticated 5,300 years ago, in equatorial South America, before being domesticated in Central America by the Olmecs (Mexico). More than 4,000 years ago, it was consumed by pre-Hispanic cultures along the Yucatán, including the Maya, and as far back as Olmeca civilization in spiritual ceremonies.
Is cocoa made from cockroaches?
Cocoa beans, the main ingredient in chocolate, are like any other agricultural product and are prone to insect infestation. … It cites that the ‘global authority on food standards’ (the FDA) allows for 4 per cent of the chocolate mass to be composed of cockroaches.
Where does the best cocoa come from?
West Africa became the world’s leader in cocoa production and exports, with a focus on so-called “bulk” or “ordinary” beans, used for processed chocolate-flavoured candies and sweets. Connoisseurs say fine chocolate has as many distinctive tastes as fine wine.
Who is the largest producer of cocoa?
Production in Côte d’Ivoire, the world’s largest cocoa bean producer, should grow by 2.3 percent a year from 1.2 million tonnes of the base period to 1.6 million tonnes in 2010, and account for 44 percent of global cocoa production due mainly to the increased foreign direct investment followed by the market …
Why does Ghana get so little money?
The increased input (labour, fertilisers and pesticides) for replanting land amounts to a higher production cost. It cannot be adjusted by price setting. Cocoa producers have no control over price; they are price takers. So the higher production cost reduces the profit made by cocoa farmers.
Why is Ghana a good place to grow cocoa?
Cocoa serves as a major source of living for most people in Ghana. In the rural areas, most adults are farmers and have plantation farms which provide them with an income. … The world market have increased the prices of cocoa so it has served as a major source of revenue for the people in Ghana who cultivate cocoa.
Which country is most famous for chocolate?
Switzerland is well-known for its chocolates and principal chocolate manufacturers. The production of chocolate is an important source of wealth for the country.
Does cocoa grow in Africa?
Cocoa needs a high temperature, plenty of water, and air that is always moist. Therefore, cocoa is grown in the hot and humid regions of Africa (mainly in forest regions), Central and South America, Asia and Oceania.
Which country is the largest exporter of cocoa?
In 2019, Ivory Coast was the world’s leading cocoa bean exporter, based on export value. That year, the Ivory Coast exported about 3.57 billion U.S. dollars worth of cocoa beans worldwide.
Leading cocoa bean exporters worldwide in 2019 (in million U.S. dollars)
|Characteristic||Export value in million U.S. dollars|