Tetteh Quarshie (1842 – 25 December 1892) was a pre-independence Ghanaian agriculturalist and the person directly responsible for the introduction of cocoa crops to Ghana, which today constitute one of the major export crops of the Ghanaian economy.
Who brought cocoa first to Ghana?
In 1878, Tetteh Quarshie, a Ghanaian blacksmith, brought cocoa beans to Ghana from the Fernando Po Islands (now called Isla de Bioko). It is believed that he smuggled the beans to Ghana by swallowing them. In 1879, he successfully planted the first cocoa trees on a farm in Mampong-Akwapem.
How did Cocoa get to Ghana?
Cocoa cultivation began in Ghana, according to the legend, fostered by a blacksmith called Tetteh Quarshie, who, in 1895, returned to his farm in the Eastern Region of Ghana with cocoa beans “in his pocket” from the island of Fernando Po (now Bioko) in Equatorial Guinea where there was already intensive plantation …
Who brought cocoa to Africa?
The credit of having first brought the cacao tree from the New World to the African tropics undoubtedly goes to the Portuguese. They are reputed to have planted cacao on the island of San Thome” (off French Gabon) as far back as 1822.
Why Ghana will no longer sell cocoa to Switzerland?
We intend to process more and more of our cocoa in our country with the aim of producing more chocolate ourselves.” Both Ghana and the Ivory Coast previously halted the sale of cocoa to United States manufacturers, accusing companies like Hershey and Mars of avoiding paying a bonus that would help poor cocoa farmers.
Why does Ghana get so little money?
The increased input (labour, fertilisers and pesticides) for replanting land amounts to a higher production cost. It cannot be adjusted by price setting. Cocoa producers have no control over price; they are price takers. So the higher production cost reduces the profit made by cocoa farmers.
Who is the largest producer of cocoa?
Production in Côte d’Ivoire, the world’s largest cocoa bean producer, should grow by 2.3 percent a year from 1.2 million tonnes of the base period to 1.6 million tonnes in 2010, and account for 44 percent of global cocoa production due mainly to the increased foreign direct investment followed by the market …
Can Coca grow in Ghana?
The plant has been grown in Ivory Coast (2), Ghana (3) and W Cameroons (1) as a source of cocaine.
How much money does Ghana make from cocoa?
Cocoa farmers in Ghana make $1/day, while those in Côte d’Ivoire make around $0.78/day—both significantly below the extreme poverty line. Farmers are often unable to bear the costs of cocoa farming as a result of low incomes.
Is Ghana famous for chocolate?
Ghana is the second-largest supplier of cocoa to the global market—cocoa beans from Ghana make up about 25 percent of the global supply. The country is widely known for its cocoa beans, but not its chocolate.
Did chocolate originate in Africa?
Why Europe dominates the global chocolate market while Africa produces all the cocoa. … But what is surprising is how little involvement Africa has had in over 200 years—it’s been a major source of the raw material for most of the second half of the 20th century.
How old was Tetteh Quarshie when he died?
50 years (1842–1892)
Who brought cocoa to?
The victory of cocoa in Africa started with Tetteh Quarshie. Legend has it that he secretly brought the cocoa to Ghana and, by doing so, laid the foundation for one of the most important Ghanaian and African export products.
How much cocoa does Switzerland import from Ghana?
Switzerland Imports from Ghana of Cocoa and cocoa preparations was US$76.12 Million during 2020, according to the United Nations COMTRADE database on international trade. Switzerland Imports from Ghana of Cocoa and cocoa preparations – data, historical chart and statistics – was last updated on May of 2021.
Where do the Swiss get their cocoa?
Much of the world’s cocoa comes from two countries: Ivory Coast and Ghana.
How much cocoa does Ghana export?
Chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa. Exports of commodity group 1806 “Chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa.” amounted to 0.197% of total exports from Ghana (cumulative merchandise exports from Ghana totalled $ 16.7 billion in 2019).