On January 1, 1960, independence was granted. In elections held soon after independence, Ahmadou Ahidjo was elected the first president of the Republic of Cameroon. Ahidjo and his party, the Cameroon Union (Union Camerounaise), pledged to build a capitalist economy and to maintain close ties to France.
When did Cameroon get its independence?
When did Cameroon gain independence UK?
|• Kamerun partitioned||July 20 1916|
|• Integration into Nigeria and Cameroon||October 1 1961|
|Currency||British West Africa pound|
|ISO 3166 code||CM|
When did southern Cameroon gain independence?
On 21 April 1961, UN resolution 1608 (XV) set 1 October 1961 as the date of independence for the Southern Cameroons, following a vote at the UN general Assembly in which 64 countries voted in favour of the independence of the Southern Cameroons.
What was Cameroon originally called?
Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English.
Why is Cameroon called mini in African?
Cameroon is often known as “Africa in miniature” because of its geographical and cultural diversity. The Central African country has one of the highest literacy rates on the continent, but its economic progress has been hampered by corruption and decades of authoritarian rule.
Is Cameroon a stable country?
The country has generally enjoyed stability, which has enabled the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.
Why did Germany want Cameroon?
In 1883, the German government asked German merchants their opinion about the development of West African trade; the merchants complained about British and French competition. As a result, Bismarck ordered his local representative, Dr. Gustav Nachtigal, to proceed with the annexation.
Who was the first German teacher in Cameroon?
1: EDUCATION : The first German teacher in Cameroon was Theodore Christaller. He arrived Cameroon in 1887 and started promoting German education it was The Basel mission that ran many schools.
Who hoisted the German flag in Cameroon?
On 14 July 1884, Nachtigal hoisted the German flag in Cameroon, a terri- tory with a surface of 191,130 square miles. 19 This ceremony signalled the of- ficial inception of Germany’s colonial venture in the Cameroon, which was to last 30 years.
Is Cameroon dangerous?
Violent crime, such as armed robbery and carjacking, is common throughout Cameroon. … The U.S. government has limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens in North, Far North, Northwest, Southwest, and Parts of Adamawa and East Regions of Cameroon due to current official travel restrictions.
What is Africa’s newest country?
The newest internationally recognized country in the world is the African country of South Sudan, which declared independence on July 9, 2011. In the following days, it became also the newest member of the United Nations.
Who is the president of Southern Cameroon?
On 1 October 2017, Sisiku Julius Ayuk Tabe, chairman of the Southern Cameroons Ambazonia Consortium United Front (SCACUF), declared the independence of Ambazonia with himself as interim president and SCACUF forming the Ambazonia Interim Government.
What race is Cameroon?
The country has been described as an “ethnic crossroads” because of its more than 200 different ethnic groups. There are three main linguistic groups: the Bantu-speaking peoples of the south, the Sudanic-speaking peoples of the north, and those who speak the Semi-Bantu languages, situated mainly in the west.
What ethnicity is Cameroon?
Ethnic Groups Of Cameroon
|Rank||Ethnic Groups||Share of Population of Cameroon|
|1||Bamileke, Bamum, Tikar, and other Peoples of the Western Highlands||38%|
|2||Beti-Pahuin, Bulu, Fang, Maka, Njem, Baka, and other Peoples of the Southern Forests||18%|
|3||Bassa, Duala, and other Peoples of the Coastal Forests||12%|
Who was the first president of Cameroon?
Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo (24 August 1924 – 30 November 1989) was a Cameroonian politician who was the first President of Cameroon, holding the office from 1960 until 1982.