A mere eleven years after their first contact, the Portuguese built St. George’s Castle, commonly called Elmina Castle, in 1482. This vast rectangular 97,000sq ft fortification is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Where was the first castle built in Ghana?
St. George’s d’Elmina Castle, built in 1482, is one of the oldest European buildings outside Europe, and the historic town of Elmina is believed to be the location of the first point of contact between Europeans and sub-Saharan Africans.
What is the oldest castle in Ghana?
Elmina Castle is the oldest and largest in Ghana, West Africa. Along the West and East Coast of Ghana, there are a line up of Forts and Castles.
Who built the castles in Ghana?
In 1482, the Portuguese built St. George’s Castle (Elmina Castle). This vast rectangular 97,000sq ft fortification is the earliest known European structure in the tropics.
Who built the Cape Coast Castle?
Originally built by Sweden in the 1650s, Cape Coast Castle shifted into Danish, Dutch, and then English possession by the 1660s. In the castle’s early decades, trade revolved around gold, wood, and textiles before English merchants began to seek captive Africans in large numbers.
Which European country came to Ghana first?
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive. By 1471, they had reached the area that was to become known as the Gold Coast. The Gold Coast was so-named because it was an important source of gold.
Which schools were built during the colonial period in Ghana?
The best known Castle Schools on the Gold Coast included the one operated by the Dutch at the former Portuguese fortress at Elmina, the British school at Cape Coast Castle, and the Danish school at Christiansborg, near Accra.
What is the Door of No Return Ghana?
At Cape Coast Castle on the shores of the Ghanaian city, a sordid history belies its beauty. The castle overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, a former slave-trade outpost, is home to the so-called “Door of No Return,” through which millions of Africans were forced onto slave ships bound for the United States.
Which country built the Elmina Castle?
Elmina Castle was erected by the Portuguese in 1482 as Castelo de São Jorge da Mina (St. George of the Mine Castle), also known as Castelo da Mina or simply Mina (or Feitoria da Mina), in present-day Elmina, Ghana (formerly the Gold Coast).
How old is Elmina Castle now?
Did the Europeans build castles in the north of Ghana?
During the colonial period in Ghana, at the time known as Gold Coast, European-style coastal forts and castles were built, mostly by Portuguese, Dutch and British. A number of these fortifications and outposts were designated World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Which fort was built by the Dutch?
It was built by the Dutch in 1649 as Fort Crèvecœur, and is a day’s march from Elmina and to the east of Accra on a rocky point between two lagoons. It was one of three forts that Europeans built in the region during the middle of the 17th century.
Where did the Portuguese first settle in Ghana?
In 1483, the Portuguese came to the continent for increased trade. They built the Castle of Elmina, the first European settlement on the Gold Coast.
How long did slavery last in Ghana?
Ghana: Commemorating 400 years of slavery.
Who caught the slaves in Africa?
It is thought that around 8.5 million enslaved Africans were taken to the Americas. British slave ships set off from Liverpool, Glasgow or Bristol, carrying trade goods and sailed to West Africa. Some of those enslaved were captured directly by the British traders.
What was the name of the dungeons where slaves were held before they were shipped out?
One of the most well known parts of Cape Coast Castle, that you can visit today, is the “Door of No Return,” which led slaves out of the castle and onto the ships setting off on the Middle Passage.