The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963. It was ruled as a de facto one-party state by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta during 1963 to 1978.
What was Kenya called before?
The result is that by the 1920s there is a sizable Indian population to demand a share in the developing political life of Kenya. (By this time the name has been changed from the East Africa Protectorate to Kenya Colony, celebrating the region’s highest mountain.)
What was Kenya before 1963?
The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, commonly known as British Kenya, was part of the British Empire in Africa. It was established when the former East Africa Protectorate was transformed into a British Crown colony in 1920.
|Preceded by||Succeeded by|
|East Africa Protectorate||Kenya (1963–1964)|
What was Kenya like before colonization?
By the 1st Century AD, the Kenyan coast was frequented by Arab traders, who due to Kenya’s proximity to the Arabian Peninsula, established Arab and Persian colonies there. The Nilotic and Bantu people also moved into the region during the first millennium AD. and settled inland.
Who were the early inhabitants of Kenya?
The earliest inhabitants of Kenya were hunter-gatherers but from about 2,000 BC herders came to the region. Then from about 800 AD Arabs sailed to Kenya. Some settled and intermarried and they created the Swahili culture along the coast. The first European to reach Kenya was Vasco da Gama in 1498.
Is Kenya a US ally?
Kenya–United States relations are bilateral relations between Kenya and the United States. Kenya and the United States have long been close allies and have enjoyed cordial relations since Kenya’s independence.
Who named Kenya?
Etymology. The Republic of Kenya is named after Mount Kenya. The earliest recorded version of the modern name was written by German explorer Johann Ludwig Krapf in the 19th century.
Why did the British want Kenya?
The British colonized Kenya for economic considerations and for increased power. The British saw Kenya as a potential source of wealth. … The British also saw colonizing Kenya as a way to get more power. They felt it would give them more prestige in their competition with other European powers.
Why did Britain leave Kenya?
Independence and reparations
The Mau Mau uprising convinced the British of the need for reform in Kenya and the wheels were set in motion for the transition to independence. On 12 December 1963 Kenya became an independent nation under the Kenya Independence Act.
Where did slaves from Kenya go?
“They were captured in Tanzania, Malawi, Southern Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe] and Northern Rhodesia [now Zambia] and they were taken to Zanzibar to be sold. Mombasa was a route for them to pass through,” Haywood told DW.
Is Kenya a poor country?
Kenya is a lower-middle income economy. Although Kenya’s economy is the largest and most developed in eastern and central Africa, 36.1% (2015/2016) of its population lives below the international poverty line. This severe poverty is mainly caused by economic inequality, government corruption and health problems.
Who rules Kenya now?
President of Kenya
|President of The Republic of Kenya Rais wa Jamhuri ya Kenya (Swahili)|
|Incumbent Uhuru Kenyatta since 9 April 2013|
|Style||His Excellency (Formal/International Correspondence)|
|Residence||State House, Nairobi (Official Residence)|
|Appointer||Direct popular vote|
What did colonization do to Kenya?
[i] European colonisation of Africa included British occupation of parts of East Africa, including Kenya from 1888-1962, which resulted in the violent oppression of indigenous ethnic groups and the reallocation of their land to European settlers.
Who was Kenya colonized by?
The British East African Company was granted a charter in 1888, which led to the colonization of present day Kenya.
Why is Kenya pronounced Keenya?
In the days when the Territory was called British East Africa the word was pronounced with the first syllable rhyming with pen—Kenya. The mountain which gives the Territory its name was discovered by Ludwig Krapf in 1849. … About that time, too, the pronunciation of Kenya changed to Kenya (Keenya).
Who controls Kenya?
The current president of the Republic of Kenya is Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta. Kenya’s constitution states that it is a multi-party democratic state founded on the national values and principles of governance referred to in Article 10.