Ethiopia is a landlocked country on the Horn of Africa, in the east of the continent. The country lost its access to the Red Sea in 1992 when Eritrea gained its independence from Ethiopia. It is bordered by Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Somaliland (Somalia).
Is Ethiopia a developing country?
Over the last decade, Ethiopia has made tremendous development gains in education, health and food security, and economic growth. … However, Ethiopia still remains one of the poorest countries in the world, with an estimated annual per capita income of $790.
Is Ethiopia a socialist country?
The People’s Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in 1991. The Derg, the military junta that had ruled Ethiopia as a provisional government since 1974, planned for transition into a civil government and proclaimed a socialist republic in 1984 after five years of preparation. …
What is Ethiopia called now?
|Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia show Name in national languages|
|Capital and largest city||Addis Ababa 9°1′N 38°45′E|
|Official languages||Afar Amharic Oromo Somali Tigrinya|
|Regional languages||Harari Sidama Languages of Ethiopia|
Is Ethiopia a tropical country?
Ethiopia, country on the Horn of Africa. The country lies completely within the tropical latitudes and is relatively compact, with similar north-south and east-west dimensions. The capital is Addis Ababa (“New Flower”), located almost at the centre of the country.
Is Ethiopia poor or rich?
With more than 112 million people (2019), Ethiopia is the second most populous nation in Africa after Nigeria, and the fastest growing economy in the region. However, it is also one of the poorest, with a per capita income of $850.
What Ethiopia is famous for?
Ethiopia is known as the Cradle of Mankind, with some of the earliest ancestors found buried in the soil. Lucy (3.5 million years old), the most famous fossils found, were unearthed in Hadar. Ethiopia remains one of the only nations in Africa never to be colonized.
What was White Terror in Ethiopia?
In February 1977, the EPRP initiated terrorist attacks–known as the White Terror– against Derg members and their supporters. … Mengistu and the Derg eventually won this latest struggle for control of the Ethiopian revolution, at a cost to the EPRP of thousands of its members and supporters imprisoned, dead, or missing.
What kind of economy does Ethiopia have?
The economy of Ethiopia is a mixed and transition economy with a large public sector. The government of Ethiopia is in the process of privatizing many of the state-owned businesses and moving toward a market economy.
What was the Derg in Ethiopia?
The Derg (also spelled Dergue; from Amharic: ደርግ, “committee” or “council”; Oromo: Dergii), officially the Provisional Military Government of Ethiopia, was the military junta that ruled Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987, when the military leadership formally civilianized the administration but stayed in power until 1991.
Why is Ethiopia so special?
It has the largest population of any landlocked country in the world. With mountains over 4,500 meters high, Ethiopia is the roof of Africa. … The painting and crafts are especially unique, and are characterized by the North African and Middle Eastern traditional influences combined with Christian culture.
How dangerous is Ethiopia?
Do not travel to Ethiopia due to COVID-19. Exercise increased caution in Ethiopia due to civil unrest and communication disruptions. Some areas have increased risk. … Border areas with Kenya, Sudan, South Sudan, and Eritrea due to crime, armed conflict, and civil unrest.
What language do they speak in Ethiopia?
Does Ethiopia get snow?
No peak in Ethiopia is permanently snow covered. The largest area of continuous plateau is the central part of the country, north and northeast of Addis Ababa and south of the Blue Nile River.
Is Ethiopia hot or cold?
Eastern Ethiopia is typically warm and dry, while the Northern Highlands are cool and wet in season. If you’re planning on visiting the Omo River Region, be prepared for very hot temperatures.
What is the coldest month in Ethiopia?
The coldest month in Addis Ababa is August, with an average high-temperature of 19.2°C (66.6°F) and an average low-temperature of 10.8°C (51.4°F).