Although some farmers plant cassava in Masika, it’s more common for them to plant during the short “Vuli” rainy season, which runs from October to December.
Which month can I plant cassava in Nigeria?
The best time to plant cassava in Nigeria according to general practice is in April, it can, however, be extended to October. Also, planting is done either early in the morning or late afternoons when the sun is cool to prevent excessive heat on the crops.
Which month is the best month to plant cassava?
-The planting is best be done at the beginning of the rainy season (October-November) or at the end of the rainy season (June-July), as cassava can be planted in a dry or wet soil. – While cassava can be harvested throughout the year, it is best harvested during the dry season so it can dry by sunlight.
When should I plant cassava?
In areas with two relatively short rainy seasons per year, cassava can be planted in the early or middle part of either rainy season and harvested after 10 to 14 months, preferably during the dry season.
How long does it take cassava to grow in Nigeria?
Harvesting of the roots after planting varies from 6 months to 3 years. The land holding for farming in Nigeria is between 0.5–2.5 hectares (1.2–6.2 acres), with about 90% of producers being small-scale farms.
How many months does it take cassava to grow?
Cassava has a relatively long growth cycle compared to other important crops. It takes an average of 10-12 months — sometimes up to 24 months! — for farmers to harvest the roots; maize, rice, and potato’s growth cycles span less than a third of that.
What is the best fertilizer for cassava?
Initially, cassava should be fertilized with equal amounts of N, phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5) and potassium oxide (K2O) at a rate of 500 kg to 800 kg per ha of a compound fertilizer such as 15-15-15 or 16-16-16.
How do you know when cassava is ready to harvest?
Cassava matures and is ready for harvesting between 9 – 10 months after planting. Cut back the cassava stems at 30 cm (1ft) from the soil level. Then hold the stem gently, shake and pull to uproot the tubers. In soils that are compacted, use a fork to break the ridges before removing the tubers.
What is the planting distance of cassava?
The optimal cassava plant spacing is 1 meter by 1 meter apart along each row and across ridges or mounds. The remaining space between the cassava plants can be used you grow vegetables, maize, legumes, and other plants.
What is the life cycle of cassava?
The usual life span is 15 to 24 months depending on the cultivar, climate and soil conditions, but later tubers become fibrous and woody. Some quick growing cultivars can be harvested in 6-7 months so you can plant and harvest them twice a year. However, for good yields you must harvest after 9 to 12 months.
What type of soil does cassava need?
Cassava is one of those plants that grow well in any soil type, even poor soil. Loamy soil rich with well-rotted organic matter produces the best results, however.
How many days does it take cassava to germinate?
Remove from the solution and place in perforated transparent polythene bags for pre-sprouting. Step 3: Store in the polythene bags under the shade of a tree or under the cassava canopy or in a farm shed for 7–10 days to sprout.
How do you apply fertilizer to cassava?
Apply fertilizer at 8 weeks after planting. Apply fertilizer in a ring, 6 cm wide and 10 cm from the plant or broadcast with care around the plant, making sure the fertilizer does not touch the stem or leaves. Yield of 25 t/ha and above can be obtained with good agronomic practices and management.
How much is a ton of cassava in Nigeria 2020?
It’s one of the important root crops in the world because of its various bye products. A ton of raw cassava in Nigeria as of February this year (2020) is between N22, 000 to N28,000.
How profitable is cassava farming in Nigeria?
The yield varies from 20 to 30 tonnes per hectare for local varieties and from 25 to 70 tonnes per hectare for improved varieties. In hostile environments where other crops fail, cassava can provide good yields. In typical conditions, the yield may vary between 8 to 15 tonnes of tubers per hectare.
How much is the salary of cassava for 1 hectare in the Philippines?
One hectare of corn earns him ₱25,000 while cassava gives him ₱130,000 per hectare from a capital of ₱30,000. With good land preparation and available markets, cassava can be profitable. It used to take 30 laborers two to three days to harvest cassava on a one-hectare farm.