Mohammed Yusuf founded the sect that became known as Boko Haram in 2002 in Maiduguri, the capital of the north-eastern state of Borno. He established a religious complex and school that attracted poor Muslim families from across Nigeria and neighbouring countries.
How did the Boko Haram start?
Boko Haram formed in 2002 when Mohammed Yusuf, a well-known preacher and proselytizer of the Izala sect of Islam in the Maiduguri region of Nigeria, began to radicalize his discourse to reject all secular aspects of Nigerian society.
What is Boko Haram fighting for in Nigeria?
Nigeria’s militant Islamist group Boko Haram is fighting to overthrow the government and create an Islamic state. The group has caused havoc in Africa’s most populous country through a campaign of bombings and attacks.
Where is Boko Haram most active?
Boko Haram is a militant Islamist movement active in northeastern Nigeria. The group also has footholds in Chad, Niger and Cameroon; one stated ideological goal is to introduce Sharia law across its territory.
How many Nigerian soldiers have been killed by Boko Haram?
More than 30,000 people have been killed and nearly 3 million displaced in a decade of Boko Haram’s terror activities in Nigeria, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
When was the first Boko Haram attack in Nigeria?
On 16 June, Boko Haram claimed responsibility for the Abuja police headquarters bombing, the first known suicide attack in Nigeria. Two months later the United Nations building in Abuja was bombed, signifying the first time that Boko Haram attacked an international organisation.
Who are Boko Haram and what do they want?
What are its objectives? Boko Haram aims to make northern Nigeria an Islamic state. Although it has ties to other African terrorist groups, it has few jihadist ambitions beyond Nigeria. Western interests are rarely targets of its attacks.
How safe is Nigeria?
There is a high level of crime throughout Nigeria, including armed robbery, kidnapping for ransom, home invasions, carjacking and violent assault. Criminal activity is high in urban areas, including the city of Lagos, as well as on the northern border with Niger and Chad.
What happened to the kidnapped Nigerian schoolgirls?
Zamfara state police and the Nigerian military have conducted joint operations to rescue the schoolgirls. The governor of Zamfara state, Bello Matawalle, announced early Tuesday that 279 schoolgirls have been freed. The terms of their release were not immediately known.
Who are Fulani herdsmen in Nigeria?
The Fulani are an ethnic group, thought to be the largest in the Sahel with a population of 20 to 30 million. Traditionally the Fulani are semi-nomadic cattle herders, and communities would travel vast distances along grazing routes to find places for their herds to eat.
Is Boko Haram still going?
The Islamist militant group Boko Haram has been carrying out attacks in the region for the past 11 years. More than 30,000 people have died and millions have been displaced in that time. The UN says, despite the scaling up of humanitarian assistance since 2016, the situation remains dire.
What is the meaning of Boko Haram?
Boko Haram is a branch of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The name of the group means “Western” or “non-Islamic” education is a sin. The group is centred in the northeastern Nigeria, and wants to make Islamic law as the only law in Nigeria. It also wants to outlaw education that is not based on Islam.
What is Iswap?
ISWAP’s primary objective is the establishment of an Islamic state under Shariah law in Nigeria. Its secondary objective is the wider imposition of Islamic rule beyond Nigeria. ISWAP is a recognised branch of listed terrorist group Islamic State and its objectives are consistent with those of Islamic State.
What happened in Nigeria in December with Boko Haram?
In December, the group claimed responsibility for the abduction of more than 300 schoolboys in Katsina state, although the Nigerian authorities said it was local gangs connected to the Islamist group. Last month, Boko Haram fighters also said they killed dozens of farm workers.
How many army do we have in Nigeria?
|Nigerian Armed Forces|
|Budget||$2.152 billion (₦429 billion)|
Who is D leader of Boko Haram?
|Still image of Shekau from an undated video|
|Born||1965, 1969 or 1975 Shekau, Yobe State, Nigeria|
|Died||20 May 2021 (aged 46–56)|
|Allegiance||Boko Haram (2002–2021) Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (2014–2016)|