Ghana’s programme speciﬁes that a familiar local language – the most common Ghanaian language in the school’s community – is used for academic instruction during the ﬁrst ﬁve years of schooling – from Kindergarten to Primary 3, and that teachers introduce children to English language as part of the curriculum.
What is the language policy in education in Ghana?
In May 2002, Ghana promulgated a law, which mandates the use of English language (hereafter L2) as the medium of instruction from primary one (grade one) to replace the use of a Ghanaian language as the medium of instruction for the first three years of schooling, and English as the medium of instruction from primary …
What are the challenges of language policy in Ghana?
The study points out that, the unstable nature of the policy is compounded by chronic challenges such as low levels of teacher professionalism, inappropriate use of classroom curricula, lack of adequate classroom facilities and inadequate trained teachers to teach in mother-tongue.
What is educational language policy?
At the centre of the education system is the language policy in education which dictates the language used in disseminating knowledge at varied levels. … This is because local languages are inimitable benefactors to social, political and economic development of any country.
What is language policy example?
For example, at the dinner table, a parent might clear their throat when a child uses forbidden language with the intention of reprimanding and/or warning the child. While the clearing of the throat expresses, or instantiates, the policy, the act and the policy are still separate things.
What is the first language in Ghana?
Asante Twi is the widely used. Akan is the most widely spoken and used indigenous language in Ghana. About 44%, of Ghana’s population of about 22 million, speak Akan as first language. However, about 80% of Ghanaians speak Akan as a first and second language.
What is the linguistic situation in Ghana?
Ghana is officially an anglophone country, but most Ghanaians speak at least one of about 50 indigenous languages and learn English, the main language of education, government and the media, at school.
What is the purpose of language policy?
That is, language policy is one mechanism for locating language within social structure so that language determines who has access to political power and economic resources. Language policy is one mechanism by which dominant groups establish hegemony in language use” (p.
What is language policy and language planning?
The field of language planning and policy (LPP) is concerned with the policies both explicit and implicit that influence what languages are spoken when, how, and by whom, as well as the values and rights associated with those languages.
What is the importance of language policy in education?
It is critically important to develop language policies that ensure the access of minority populations to prestigious forms of national standard languages and literacies while supporting the intergenerational retention of minority languages, both indigenous and immigrant languages.
What are the types of language policies?
Four major types of language planning are status planning (about the social standing of a language), corpus planning (the structure of a language), language-in-education planning (learning), and prestige planning (image). …
What are the major goals of language policies?
It is a joint effort between the National and State governments with important components assigned to both areas. The goal is to sustain, reinforce, and expand our local languages and to provide the foundation skills for acquisition of English and other international languages.
How does multilingual affect education?
Benefits of multilingualism practices in education include the creation and appreciation of cultural awareness, adds academic and educational value, enhances creativity, adjustment in society and appreciation of local languages.
What is language policy document?
A language policy document is an important strategic instrument in the general context of internationalisation, growing competition and other future challenges in Higher Education. Therefore it is crucial that Language Centres adopt a key role in initiating and formulating language policies.
What is definition of language?
Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual (signed), or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves.
How does language affect teaching and learning?
Language is an important part of an educational path. … Therefore, as you increase your ability and use of language, you increase your ability to learn AND teach within a community. I challenge each person, student and tutor alike, to increase your language skills to help you become a more valuable part of a community.