What is the Lake Chad crisis?

For more than a decade, the people of Lake Chad were engulfed in a violent conflict trap between state security forces and armed opposition groups. Boko Haram is one of the top insurgent groups with a strong foothold in the region. The conflict has displaced nearly 2.5 million people across the neighbouring countries.

What is the main threat to Lake Chad?

The Lake Chad Basin is the site of a large-scale, complex and protracted humanitarian emergency. Factors contributing to the crisis include conflict, rapid population growth and severe vulnerability caused by the effects of climate change, environmental degradation and poverty.

What is happening to Lake Chad?

For years, the prevailing narrative about Lake Chad is that it has been in inexorable decline as a result of the over-extraction of water and climate crisis. A much-repeated factoid is that the lake shrunk by 90% between the 1960s and the 1990s.

What is happening to Lake Chad and why is that significant?

Lake Chad is disappearing

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Since the 1960s, 90 per cent of Lake Chad has disappeared. This is caused by lack of rain, but also the development of modern irrigation systems for industrial agriculture.

Is Lake Chad shrinking?

Lake Chad has shrunk considerably since the 1960s, when its shoreline had an elevation of about 286 metres (938 ft) above sea level and it had an area of more than 26,000 square kilometres (10,000 sq mi), making its surface the fourth largest in Africa.

Why did Lake Mega Chad dry up?

Lake Chad has shrunk by 90% since the 1960s, due to climate change, an increase in the population and unplanned irrigation. Its basin covers parts of Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon, and has been a water source for between 20 million and 30 million people.

What are the conflicts rising from the problems with Lake Chad?

Rising conflicts

These include persistence economic crisis; divisive reforms; poor governance; rising inequality and bourgeoning corruption among the ruling political elite. Countries of the Lake Chad basin are among the 10 least peaceful countries in Africa, according to 2020 Global Terrorism Index report.

What are people doing to save Lake Chad?

But there have been spirited efforts to rescue the lake from oblivion. The governments in the Lake Chad region are exploring reviving a plan that was first explored in 1982 by an Italian engineering company to construct a 2,400 canal that will tap water from the tributaries of Congo River and drain it into the Lake.

Why is Lake Chad called an inland drainage?

The Chad basin constitutes the largest inland drainage area in Africa. … At its maximum extent the sea was more than 600 feet (180 metres) deep, occupied an area of approximately 154,400 square miles (400,000 square km), and drained into the Atlantic Ocean through the Benue River system.

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What is the currency of Chad?

Central African CFA franc

What is an interesting fact about Chad?

World’s 21st largest country by land area

Chad, by land area, is the world’s 21st largest country. With a 0.845% landmass of the total landmass of the world and a land area of 1,259,200 square kilometers, Chad is smaller than Peru and larger than South Africa. It is the fifth-largest country in Africa.

What are the effects of Lake Chad shrinking?

The 30 million people living in the Lake Chad region compete over water, and the drying up of the lake could lead to migration and conflicts, according to FAO. Fish production has recorded a 60 percent decline, while pasturelands have been degraded, resulting in a shortage of animal feed, livestock and biodiversity.

Which lake in Africa is the world’s 2nd largest fresh water lake?

Lake Tanganyika – Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Zambia. Lake Tanganyika is the second largest fresh water lake in the world by volume and the second deepest lake after Lake Baikal in Siberia. Its volume measures approx. 18,880 cubic kilometres and its maximum depth lies at 1,470 m.

Is the Aral Sea shrinking?

Once the fourth-largest lake in the world, the Aral Sea has been slowly disappearing since the 1960s.

Across the Sahara