One of Hatshepsut’s major achievements was expanding the trade routes of Ancient Egypt. Most notably was an expedition to the Land of Punt, which became a major trade partner supplying Egypt with gold, resin, wood, ivory, and wild animals.
What did Hatshepsut do for Egypt?
Upon his death, she began acting as regent for her stepson, the infant Thutmose III, but later took on the full powers of a pharaoh, becoming co-ruler of Egypt around 1473 B.C. As pharaoh, Hatshepsut extended Egyptian trade and oversaw ambitious building projects, most notably the Temple of Deir el-Bahri, located in …
What changes did Hatshepsut make?
Hatshepsut also made her mark on the landscape of Egypt. She rebuilt many buildings, created impressive temples, and restored the Temple of Karnak that her father, King Thutmose I, had built. Hatshepsut also expanded the temple by building a chapel and assembling two obelisks that towered at nearly 100 feet.
What things did Hatshepsut do to make Egypt wealthy?
Hatshepsut established trade networks that helped build the wealth of the Eighteenth Dynasty. This included a successful mission to the Land of Punt in the ninth year of her reign, which brought live myrrh trees and frankincense (which Hatshepsut used as kohl eyeliner) to Egypt.
Why is Hatshepsut important?
Why is Hatshepsut so famous? Hatshepsut was a female king of Egypt (reigned in her own right c. 1473–58 BCE) who attained unprecedented power for a woman, adopting the full titles and regalia of a pharaoh.
Who was the cruelest Pharaoh?
Akhenaten was all but lost to history until the late 19th century discovery of Amarna, or Akhetaten, the new capital city he built for the worship of Aten.
|Akhenaten Amenhotep IV|
|Reign||1353–1336 BC 1351–1334 BC (18th Dynasty of Egypt)|
|show Royal titulary|
Why did Hatshepsut call herself king?
Maintaining and perpetuating maat to ensure the prosperity and stability of the country required a legitimate pharaoh who could speak—as only pharaohs could—directly with the gods. By calling herself Maatkare, Hatshepsut was likely reassuring her people that they had a legitimate ruler on the throne.
What was Hatshepsut bad at?
Hatshepsut was suddenly recast as a dangerous liability. A brutal campaign of destruction and mutilation took place at many of her greatest monuments. Her cartouche was hacked out of inscriptions, her image chipped off reliefs and sculptures of her were either toppled or had the male pharaonic elements removed.
Who was the first female pharaoh?
Hatshepsut was a female pharaoh of Egypt. She reigned between 1473 and 1458 B.C. Her name means “foremost of noblewomen.”
How did the rule of Egyptian pharaohs come to an end?
Achaemenid rule over Egypt came to an end through the conquests of Alexander the Great in 332 BC, after which it was ruled by the Hellenic Pharaohs of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Their rule, and the independence of Egypt, came to an end when Egypt became a province of Rome in 30 BC.
Why did Hatshepsut marry her half brother?
Hatshepsut was married to her step-brother in order to keep the royal line pure. This sounds really strange today, but it was common for Egyptian royalty. Hatshepsut’s dad died a short time after she was married and her husband became the pharaoh Thutmose II. Hatshepsut was now queen of Egypt.
How many female pharaohs were there?
And while the c15th-century BC Hatshepsut ruled as a pharaoh in her own right, she is still often regarded as the exception that proves the rule – even though the evidence suggests there were at the very least seven female pharaohs, including Nefertiti and the great Cleopatra.
What is a female pharaoh called?
Female pharaohs did not have a different title from male counterparts, but were simply called pharaohs.
Who were the female pharaohs?
5 Great Female Rulers of Ancient Egypt
- Merneith (c. 3200-2900 BC) Historical records show that Merneith was a queen consort and regent – the wife of Djet and mother of Den, the pharaoh. …
- Sobekneferu (r. 1806–1802 BC) …
- Hatshepsut (r. 1578-1478 BC) …
- Nefertiti (1370-1330 BC) Nefertiti bust (Credit: Neues Museum, Berlin). …
- Cleopatra VII (r. 51-12 BC)
Was Hatshepsut beautiful?
Stories from ancient Greece and Rome tell of her power over both gods and mortals, including the ability to make a person desire any person of her choosing. Stories about her describe her as the most beautiful of all the goddesses. There is great power in Aphrodite’s beauty.