With an economy based on cattle husbandry, crop cultivation, and the trade of gold on the coast of the Indian Ocean, Great Zimbabwe was the heart of a thriving trading empire from the 11th to the 15th centuries. The word zimbabwe, the country’s namesake, is a Shona (Bantu) word meaning “stone houses.”
What did Great Zimbabwe get from trading?
Archaeological evidence suggests that Great Zimbabwe became a center for trading, with a trade network linked to Kilwa Kisiwani and extending as far as China. This international trade was mainly in gold and ivory. The rulers of Zimbabwe brought artistic and stone masonry traditions from Mapungubwe.
What did the Shona trade?
The first inhabitants of Great Zimbabwe were Shona-speaking peoples who likely settled in the region as early as 400 C.E. Back then, the land was full of possibilities: plains of fertile soil to support farming and herding, and mineral rich territories to provide gold, iron, copper, and tin for trading and crafting.
What did Great Zimbabwe import?
Some researchers even believe that the kingdom existed because of riches gathered from the East African gold trade. The area was very rich in gold and the inhabitants of the kingdom imported cloth, glass beads and ceramics and exported gold along the Limpopo River, while farming provided for their basic needs.
Where did Great Zimbabwe trade?
Great Zimbabwe was part of a large and wealthy global trading network. Archaeologists have found pottery from China and Persia, as well as Arab coins in the ruins there. The elite of the Zimbabwe Empire controlled trade up and down the east African coast.
How did Great Zimbabwe grow wealthy and powerful?
How did the Great Zimbabwe grow wealthy and powerful? From the trade routes that passed through the city. Even though Great Zimbabwe didn’t mine the gold they taxed the traders and demanded gold payments from the region’s less powerful leaders. … Man named Mutota left Zimbabwe and traveled north, looking for salt.
How did Great Zimbabwe make money?
The wealth of Great Zimbabwe lay in cattle production and gold. … One theory is that the rulers of Great Zimbabwe did not have direct control over the gold mines, but rather managed the trade in it, buying up huge quantities in exchange for cattle.
Who really built Great Zimbabwe?
Pikirayi wrote that archaeologists have long since dismissed claims that Great Zimbabwe was built by Phoenicians, people from Europe or the Queen of Sheba. Today, scholars widely believed that Great Zimbabwe was built by the ancestors of the Shona and other groups located in Zimbabwe and nearby countries.
Who ruled Great Zimbabwe?
1000–1450) was a medieval Shona (Karanga) kingdom located in modern-day Zimbabwe. Its capital, Lusvingo, now called Great Zimbabwe, is the largest stone structure in precolonial Southern Africa. This kingdom came about after the collapse of the Kingdom of Mapungubwe.
Kingdom of Zimbabwe.
What does the word Zimbabwe mean?
Many sources hold that “Zimbabwe” derives from dzimba-dza-mabwe, translated from the Karanga dialect of Shona as “houses of stones” (dzimba = plural of imba, “house”; mabwe = plural of bwe, “stone”). … Zimbabwe was formerly known as Southern Rhodesia (1898), Rhodesia (1965), and Zimbabwe Rhodesia (1979).
What does Zimbabwe mean in Bantu?
The word zimbabwe, the country’s namesake, is a Shona (Bantu) word meaning “stone houses.”
Who Built Great Zimbabwe and why?
Begun during the eleventh century A.D. by Bantu-speaking ancestors of the Shona, Great Zimbabwe was constructed and expanded for more than 300 years in a local style that eschewed rectilinearity for flowing curves.
What religion did Great Zimbabwe practice?
The people of Great Zimbabwe most likely worshipped Mwari, the supreme god in the Shona religion, who had powers over rainmaking, agrucultural fertility and illness and everything. This communication with God was through a medium, which in most cases was with a chosen person.
What was the Great Zimbabwe used for?
Great Zimbabwe is believed to have served as a royal palace for the local monarch. As such, it would have been used as the seat of political power. Among the edifice’s most prominent features were its walls, some of which are eleven metres high.
What was the currency in Great Zimbabwe?
How did Great Zimbabwe gain control of the gold trade?
The region was located near important trade routes and surrounded by large plains that support farming and cattle raising. … How did Great Zimbabwe gain control of the gold trade? it was located between the gold producing regions and the trading cities and thus became a key stopping point along the trade route.