What crops can be grown in Zimbabwe?

The major crops grown in Zimbabwe are: maize, cotton, soybeans, wheat, tobacco and horticultural crops such as roses, cut flowers and vegetables. Maize is the country’s staple crop and accounts for a substantial proportion of the fertilizers applied.

What can you produce in Zimbabwe?

Zimbabwe’s principal agricultural exports in descending order include tobacco (60 percent of total agricultural production), cotton lint (about 10 percent), raw sugar (9 percent), tea and coffee, horticultural products and maize (in nondrought years).

What vegetables grow in Zimbabwe?

Different varieties of vegetables are grown in the country during the dry and rainy seasons, such as tomatoes, okra, cabbage, rapeseed, onion, beans, gem squash, cucumber, and carrot, among other crops. Tomatoes topped the market, accounting for 28034 metric ton in 2019, followed by chilies, onions, beans, and cabbage.

What is Zimbabwe’s main cash crop?

Tobacco is the most important cash crop in Zimbabwe in terms of generating foreign exchange. The government expects tobacco output to decline from 258 million kilograms in the 2019 marketing season to around 240 million kilograms in 2020, but the industry expects a good quality crop.

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What are exotic vegetables in Zimbabwe?

Most vegetables consumed in Zimbabwe are exotic vegetables, such as cabbage, Swiss Chard, English Rape and tomatoes (Turner and Chivinge, 1999).

How many white farmers are there in Zimbabwe?

White Zimbabweans

Total population
~310,000 worldwide
Regions with significant populations
Zimbabwe 28,732 (2012)
United Kingdom 200,000 (2006)

Does Zimbabwe have fertile soil?

Improvement and maintenance of soil fertility is the major constraint to sustainable crop production in the communal areas (CAs) or peasant farming areas of Zimbabwe. … The village level assessment showed wide variations in soil properties between fields of less than 2 hectares within distances of about 1 km.

Which crops are grown in winter in Zimbabwe?

Here is a list Of crops/vegetables that you can be grown in winter time:

  • Cabbage.
  • Rape.
  • Cowpea.
  • Carrots.
  • Beetroot.
  • Tomato.
  • Eggplant.
  • Onions.

How do you grow onions in Zimbabwe?

Various methods of growing onions are used in Zimbabwe:

  1. The most common method is to sow seed in a nursery or prepared seedbed followed by transplanting the seedlings into a field at a later date.
  2. Sowing directly in the field especially spring onion sets.
  3. Planting onion bulbs.
  4. Seed takes 7-10 days to germinate.


What grows in Zimbabwe in winter?

The list of recommended winter vegetables reads: cabbage, rape, chomoiller, pea, cowpea, carrot, beetroot, tomato, eggplant, irish potato, pepper, onion, shallot, spinach, lettuce, maize, beans, pumpkin, okra and sweet potato.

What are farming conditions in Zimbabwe?

General challenges facing smallholder farmers (SHF’s) include low and erratic rainfall, low and declining soil fertility, low investment, shortages of farm power – labour and draft animals, poor physical and institutional infrastructure, poverty and recurring food insecurity.

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How many farms are in Zimbabwe?

There are approximately 9,655 Small Scale Commercial Farms in Zimbabwe with an average size of 148 hectares. Small Scale Commercial Farms occupy 4 percent of all land. An individual farmer was given a farm to undertake crop and livestock production.

Where is maize grown in Zimbabwe?

Maize production in Zimbabwe is predominantly in the high rainfall areas, although the crop is also grown in the dry areas prone to droughts.

What is the traditional food of Zimbabwe?

Sadza: This is the most common dish found in Zimbabwe and is stiff maize meal that is like a thickened porridge. It can be rolled into a ball and dipped into meat, sauce, gravy, sour milk, or stewed vegetables.

How is spinach grown in Zimbabwe?

Spinach tolerates cool weather. Sow seeds ½ inch deep in rows 6-8 inches apart. When growing spinach for seed, increase spacing to 8-12 inches between plants in rows 22-30 inches apart, or to at least 12 inches on center. Spinach is a nutrient-rich green that is easy to grow in the garden.

What grows in Zimbabwe in the summer?

Here are warm season crops you can grow in Zimbabwe:

  • Tomatoes.
  • Beans (sugar beans, cowpeas, fine beans)
  • Soybeans.
  • Maize.
  • Cucumbers.
  • Sweet Potatoes.
  • Pumpkins.
  • Butternuts.


Across the Sahara