The area of present-day Cameroon was claimed by Germany as a protectorate during the “Scramble for Africa” at the end of the 19th century. The German Empire named the territory Kamerun.
Was Cameroon a German colony?
Germany lost her colonies during the First World War (1914-1918) and Cameroon ceased to be a German possession in 1916. In 1919, the country was given the status of a League of Nations mandate administered by Britain and France.
When was Cameroon founded?
Is Cameroon still part of France?
Cameroon became a German colony in 1884 known as Kamerun. … In 1960, the French-administered part of Cameroon became independent, as the Republic of Cameroun, under President Ahmadou Ahidjo. The southern part of British Cameroons federated with it in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
Is Cameroon in West or Central Africa?
Cameroon, country lying at the junction of western and central Africa. Its ethnically diverse population is among the most urban in western Africa. The capital is Yaoundé, located in the south-central part of the country.
Why did Germany want Cameroon?
In 1883, the German government asked German merchants their opinion about the development of West African trade; the merchants complained about British and French competition. As a result, Bismarck ordered his local representative, Dr. Gustav Nachtigal, to proceed with the annexation.
What was Cameroon called before independence?
French Cameroun became independent, as Cameroun or Cameroon, in January 1960, and Nigeria was scheduled for independence later that same year, which raised question of what to do with the British territory.
What animal is Cameroon named after?
Cameroon’s colonial name comes from the cameros, or prawns, that 15th-century explorers found in the Wouri River.
Is Cameroon a poor country?
Because its poverty reduction rate is lagging behind its population growth rate, the overall number of poor in Cameroon increased by 12% to 8.1 million between 2007 and 2014, and poverty is increasingly concentrated in the country’s northern regions, where 56% of the poor live.
Is Cameroon a stable country?
The country has generally enjoyed stability, which has enabled the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.
Why is Cameroon called mini in African?
Cameroon is often known as “Africa in miniature” because of its geographical and cultural diversity. The Central African country has one of the highest literacy rates on the continent, but its economic progress has been hampered by corruption and decades of authoritarian rule.
Are there Igbos in Cameroon?
Large ethnic Igbo populations are found in Cameroon, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea, as well as outside Africa.
Do they speak English in Cameroon?
Cameroonians speak mostly French and English, which are foreign but official languages and part of an entrenched separatist conflict that has cost about 3,000 lives since 2017.
What are the 7 countries in Central Africa?
Central Africa, defined by the UN Subregion, consists of the following countries: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo Republic – Brazzaville, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé & Principe.
What is the richest region in Cameroon?
Cameroon’s East region is with the North, Far-north and Adamoua among the poorest regions in the country. But, paradoxically, it is the richest in forest and mining resources.
What is the smallest country in Central Africa?
Burundi and Rwanda are among the smallest countries of central Africa and the continent.
Chapter 15. Central Africa.
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