What are the problems of supervision in Nigeria?

The issues and challenges of educational supervision in Nigerian secondary schools is critical and manifested in poor quality of language skills among teachers and students, awful academic performance, pitiable skill acquisition and incompetence of secondary school leavers from educational institutions have become …

What are problems of supervision?

One of the problems of supervision is that much of the supervisors time is wasted on keeping records, filling in forms, submitting returns and memoranda for the benefit of top level management, etc. This leaves the supervisors in inadequacy of time to do the, real supervisory work.

What are the problem of educational supervision in Nigeria?

The complexities of educational systems and their institutions in Nigeria tend to be characterized by such phenomena as student population explosion, examination malpractice, indiscipline, inadequate provision of educational resources and poor academic performance among students.

What are the challenges of instructional supervision?

These were: problem in selecting and assigning right persons as instructional supervisor, lack of supervision manuals, lack of adequate budget, facilities and materials, resistance of teachers to supervision due to lack of awareness for teachers in importance of supervision, excessive workloads of principals and lack …

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What are the barriers to supervision?

According to Sonja Zorga , there are some common barriers to effective supervision:

  • Lack of communication.
  • Difficulties in confrontation.
  • Lack of trust.
  • Can’t give/take criticism.
  • Close-minded.
  • Inconsistent.
  • Need to be liked.
  • Too critical.

What are the 5 roles of a supervisor?

The five key supervisory roles include Educator, Sponsor, Coach, Counselor, and Director.

What aspect of supervision is most difficult?

The Toughest Parts of Being a Supervisor

  • Refuses to get with the system. …
  • Performance is not up to Standards. …
  • Other Miscellaneous Issues. …
  • Question No. …
  • Themes from Question No. …
  • Emotional Confrontation. …
  • Don’t Understand the Law & Regulations. …
  • Lack of Support from Upper Management.


What are the challenges of primary education in Nigeria?

Problems of Primary Education in Nigeria:

  • Lack of experienced and adequate teachers. …
  • Lack of proper management of primary schools: …
  • Lack of teachers training: …
  • Lack of proper inspection routine to primary schools by relevant authorities: …
  • Lack of appropriate implementation of primary education policy:

How do you solve lack of supervision?

Five strategies to improve supervision

  1. Give lots of feedback.
  2. Measure performance.
  3. Define clear goals in writing.
  4. Establish concrete consistent rules.
  5. Allow freedom to choose.

What is the supervision?

Supervision is the act or function of overseeing something or somebody. A person who performs supervision is a “supervisor”, but does not always have the formal title of supervisor. A person who is getting supervision is the “supervisee”.

What makes a good supervision?

Current research and practice evidence suggests that effective supervisors are those who have the required clinical and expert knowledge to assist supervisees in their work, provide emotional support and who have the qualities to develop positive working relationships.

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What is effective instructional supervision?

Effective Instructional Supervision involves raising student achievement and creating valuable educational opportunities for students. This can be achieved by the supervisor clearly defining goals for the teachers and facilitating opportunities for the teachers to learn about local, state, and federal requirements.

What are the techniques of instructional supervision?

There are several instructional supervisory techniques. Iloh, Nwaham, Igbinedion and Ogogor (2016) listed the variety of supervision techniques to include: classroom visitation/ observation, inter/intra school, team teaching practices, workshops, demonstration, clinical supervision and micro-teaching among others.

What are the barriers of clinical supervision?

Any incompatibility between the supervisor and the person being supervised should be minimal. Organisational barriers relating to clinical supervision are prone to result from political conflicts, lack of understanding, constraints on nurses’ time and limited resources.

What steps are necessary for a developing a proper supervisor Supervisee relationship?

The five practices include (1) Establish an effective supervisor-supervisee relationship, (2) Establish a structured approach with specific content and competencies, (3) Evaluate the effects of your supervision, (4) Incorporate ethics and professional development into supervision, and (5) Continue the professional …

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