The mandate of the Commission is to sustainably and equitably manage the Lake Chad and other shared water resources of the Lake Chad Basin, to preserve the ecosystems of the Lake Chad Conventional Basin, to promote regional integration, peace and security across the Basin.
What is Nigeria Basin Commission?
The Lake Chad Commission, established (1964) by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria, is charged with regulating the use of the waters of the lake and the basin for the development of livestock, crop, fishery, and water resources.
Which of the following countries does not belong to the Lake Chad Basin Commission?
Algeria has not participated.
How many countries make up Lake Chad Basin?
The basin spans eight countries, including most of Chad and a large part of Niger.
Which country owns Lake Chad?
|Primary inflows||Chari River|
|Primary outflows||Soro and Bodélé depressions|
|Basin countries||Chad, Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria|
Where is the Lake Chad region?
Lake Chad is located in the far west of Chad and the northeast of Nigeria. Parts of the lake also extend to Niger and Cameroon. It is fed mainly by the Chari River through the Lagone tributary, which used to provide 90 per cent of its water.
Is the Niger river navigable?
The middle course of the Niger River is navigable to small craft during high water as far downstream as Ansongo—some 1,100 miles (1,770 km) in all. … The river becomes navigable to small vessels again at Labbezanga—from which it flows into Niger—and continues to be navigable to the Atlantic Ocean.
Why is the Chad Basin and area of inland drainage?
The Chad basin constitutes the largest inland drainage area in Africa. … At its maximum extent the sea was more than 600 feet (180 metres) deep, occupied an area of approximately 154,400 square miles (400,000 square km), and drained into the Atlantic Ocean through the Benue River system.
How many countries make up the River Niger Basin Commission?
Today the Niger Basin Authority is a regional economic institution formed by nine countries of West Africa and Central Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria.
How was Lake Chad formed?
The ancient Lake Chad Basin formed during the Cretaceous period, and extends over 2.5 million km2. … Lake input is seasonal, the majority originating as precipitation on the Adama Plateau, brought to Lake Chad via the Chari and Logone Rivers.
Which lake covers full country?
|Primary outflows||White Nile (river, known as the “Victoria Nile” as it flows out of the lake)|
|Catchment area||169,858 km2 (65,583 sq mi) 229,815 km2 (88,732 sq mi) basin|
|Basin countries||Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda|
|Max. length||359 km (223 mi)|
What rivers flow into Lake Chad?
The main tributaries of Lake Chad are the Chari, Logone, and Komadugu-Yobe rivers. Flow patterns by these rivers have created a Grand Barrier, dividing Lake Chad into two regions: the southern region serviced by the Chari and Logone Rivers and the northern region serviced by the Komadugu-Yobe river system.
Which state is Lake Chad located in Nigeria?
The Lake Chad consists of cultural and natural values. The Chad Basin National Park (Lake Chad Nigeria Section) occupies a total of 2,258sq.km and is located between Borno and Yobe states in the extreme north-eastern corner of Nigeria.
What is causing Lake Chad to shrink?
Once one of Africa’s largest lakes, Lake Chad has shrunk by around 90% since the 1960s. This receding water is down to a reduction of precipitation, induced by climate change, as well as development of modern irrigation systems for agriculture and the increasing human demand for freshwater.
Why did Mega Lake Chad dry up?
The drying of Lake Mega-Chad reveals a story of dramatic climate change in the southern Sahara, with a rapid change from a giant lake to desert dunes and dust, due to changes in rainfall from the West African Monsoon.
How many rivers are in Chad?
7 RIVERS AND WATERFALLS
At 1,200 kilometers (720 miles) long, it is also the longest river of interior drainage in Africa.