What are the major challenge constraints and opportunity of sheep and goat production system in Ethiopia?

A multitude of technical, institutional and socio-economic problems constrain sheep and goat productivity, as reported by producers. Prevalence of diseases and parasites and the resulting high mortality and morbidity rates are the major problems.

What are the major constraints of livestock production in Ethiopia?

The major constraints for cattle production in Ethiopian farmers was feed shortage, diseases and parasites, drought, shortage of grazing land, market access, veterinary services, extension services and other infrastructure.

What are the problems of livestock production?

Feed shortage, limited knowledge of farmers in livestock production, poor genetic potential of indigenous cattle breeds, disease and land shortage were the main constraints affecting livestock production in all agro-ecologies in decreasing order of importance.

What are the constraints in the cattle sector?

The production constraints associated with cattle farming in this study are presented in Table 1. The main production constraints as perceived by farmers included diseases (75%), high cost of drugs (70%), high cost of supplementary feeds (70%), inadequate pastures (60%) and inadequate extension services (55%).

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What are the problems of sheep rearing?

  • Reluctance of new generation in sheep farming.
  • Fast disappearing grazing land and common pool resources- Serious problem for sheep farmers forcing them to exit from sheep husbandry.
  • High cost of nutrition and lack of timely animal health services- Cost of feed and fodder is increasing significantly.

What is the cattle production?

Cattle farming involves rearing and management of two types of animals- one group for food requirements like milk and another for labour purposes like ploughing, irrigation, etc. Animals which provide milk are called milch/dairy animals.

What are the types of beef cattle production systems?

Several methods are used to organize and classify the types of beef production systems in the United States. The most commonly used systems are cow-calf, backgrounding, and finish- ing operations.

How can we reduce livestock production?

The following practices can sequester carbon and mitigate GHG emissions from livestock and manure:

  1. Select regionally appropriate forages.
  2. Practice rotational grazing.
  3. Select high quality feed that will reduce methane released from enteric fermentation.
  4. Manage manure to reduce methane and nitrous oxide.

Why is livestock production important?

The production of animal goods; such as meat, dairy, wool, and leather; is a multi-billion-dollar-per-year industry and accounts for over half of the value of U.S. agricultural products. Further, livestock products supply about 13 percent of energy and 28 percent of protein in diets consumed worldwide.

What are the advantages of livestock farming?

The cattle farm is considered to improve farmers’ total income and to boost their living conditions. As a means of manure for soil enrichment and as a source of biofuel, the animal waste which is produced can be used. For a significant number of people, it is a source of employment.

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What is the meaning of constraints?

: something that limits or restricts someone or something. : control that limits or restricts someone’s actions or behavior. See the full definition for constraint in the English Language Learners Dictionary.

What are constraints in economics?

Economic constraints are external constraints imposed on a company that can influence its success or failure but are also often outside of a company’s control. … Microeconomic factors, such as supply and demand, market size, and market potential, also impose economic constraints on a company.

What are the three main constraint in animal production in developing countries?

However, to increase production in developing countries, existing constraints must be surmounted. There are three types of constraints to increasing sheep and goat production: biological, economical, and cultural.

What is the meaning of sheep rearing?

Sheep farming or sheep husbandry is the raising and breeding of domestic sheep. It is a branch of animal husbandry. Sheep are raised principally for their meat (lamb and mutton), milk (sheep’s milk), and fiber (wool).

What is rearing of sheep called?

rearing of sheep means to look after the sheep by providing them food, shelter and health care. breeding is done to obtain animals with desired characters . … these are then crossed [ made to reproduce ] to obtain new breed of the animals having desirable characters of both parents . this is called selective breeding.

Is sheep rearing profitable?

Sheep farming is a profitable business than goat farming as sheep can attain good weight within a short period of time. … Sheep manure is an important source of soil fertility too. Additionally, the production of wool, meat, and manure provides three different sources of income per year.

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Across the Sahara