What are the main causes of mortality in Ethiopia?

Malaria. Malaria is a leading cause of death and disease in many countries. Young children and pregnant women are the groups most affected.

What are the 5 most common deadly diseases in Ethiopia?

The main diseases most commonly en- countered are: malaria, diarrhea, intestinal helminthiasis, acute respiratory infections including pneu- monia, tuberculosis and skin diseases. Outbreaks of meningitis, measles and diarrhoeal diseases including cholera are also common during droughts.

What are the major health problems in Ethiopia?

The main health concerns in Ethiopia include maternal mortality, malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS compounded by acute malnutrition and lack of access to clean water and sanitation.

What is the main reason for under five morbidity and mortality?

Overall, the leading causes of under-5 deaths were preterm birth complications (0·330 million [95% uncertainty range 0·279–0·367]; 27·5% of under-5 deaths), pneumonia (0·191 million [0·168–0·219]; 15·9%), and intrapartum-related events (0·139 million [0·116–0·165]; 11·6%), with cause-of-death distributions varying …

What are the 5 causes of death?

What are the leading causes of death in the US?

  • Heart disease.
  • Cancer.
  • Unintentional injuries.
  • Chronic lower respiratory disease.
  • Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases.
  • Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Diabetes.
  • Influenza and pneumonia.
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What is the mortality rate in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia: Infant mortality rate from 2009 to 2019 (in deaths per 1,000 live births)

Characteristic Deaths per 1,000 live births
2019 36.5
2018 37.9
2017 39.5
2016 41.2

What are the causes of global health?

6 Prominent global health issues to be aware of

  • Pandemics. Simply put, pandemics are global disease outbreaks. …
  • Environmental factors. …
  • Economic disparities and access to health care. …
  • Political factors. …
  • Noncommunicable diseases. …
  • Animal health, food sourcing, and supply.

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Is healthcare in Ethiopia Good?

Access to modern health care is very limited, and in many rural areas it is virtually nonexistent. The infant mortality rate is almost twice that of the world average. Common health concerns are lower respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, and HIV/AIDS.

What type of health care system does Ethiopia have?

Ethiopia’s health service is structured into a three-tier system: primary, secondary and tertiary levels of care. The primary level of care includes primary hospitals, health centres and health posts.

How many doctors are there in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia has just 1600 doctors serving a population of 83 million but needs a minimum of 8000, the government estimates.

What are six killer diseases?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

What are the top 5 preventable deaths?

The estimated number of potentially preventable deaths and the proportion preventable among the five leading causes of death in persons aged <80 years were 87,950 for diseases of the heart (30% preventable); 63,209 for cancer (15% preventable); 45,331 for unintentional injuries (43% preventable); 29,232 for CLRD (36% …

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Why is child mortality so high in Africa?

The causes of high infant mortality rate (IMR) in SSA are well known. … The main causes are, in order of importance, neonatal causes (26%), child pneumonia (21%), malaria (18%), diarrhoea (16%), HIV/AIDS (6%), measles (5%) and accidents (2%).

What happens when die?

As the body continues to wind down, various other reflexes and functions will also slow. A dying person will become progressively more fatigued, their sleep-wake patterns more random, their coughing and swallowing reflexes slower. They will start to respond less to verbal commands and gentle touch.

Across the Sahara