What are the factors that influence urbanization in Nigeria?

The second half of the 20th century witnessed rapid rate of urbanization and emergence of cities in various parts of Nigeria due to a number of factors among which are: introduction of wheeled transportation, particularly railway and road; categorization of settlement into hierarchical order of township; introduction …

What are the factors contributing to urbanization in Nigeria?

The trend in urbanization and city growth in developing countries (including Nigeria) are caused by a multitude of factors – rural-urban migration, natural population increase and annexation, and expansion of neighborhoods.

What are the factors of urbanization?

Causes of Urbanization:

  • i. Industrialization: …
  • ii. Social factors: …
  • iii. Employment opportunities: …
  • iv. Modernization: …
  • Rural urban transformation: …
  • Spread of education: …
  • Positive effect:

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What are the main problems of urban areas in Nigeria?

With a population of about 188 million and a HDI of 152 in 188 ranked countries, urban centres in Nigeria are plagued with poor security, epileptic power and water supply, poor sanitation, health challenges, high cost of construction amongst other challenges (NPC, 2017).

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What are the factors responsible for the growth of urban centers in Nigeria?

The major factors responsible for the growth of the city as indicated by the respondents are urbanization (83.4%) education development (96.9%) and transportation (97.5%).

What are the major problems of urbanization?

11+ Major Global Urbanization Problems and Issues

  • Overcrowding or Overpopulation. …
  • Unemployment. …
  • Housing problems. …
  • 4. Development of slums. …
  • Sanitation problems. …
  • Water shortage problems. …
  • Health hazards. …
  • Degraded environmental quality.

Why has Urbanisation helped Nigeria to develop?

Lagos has made a significant contribution to the development of Nigeria. Life expectancy and wealth have all significantly improved during the twenty-first century. This is because education, health care and employment opportunities are all better in Lagos. …

What were the 3 major factors of urbanization?

There are three components of urban population growth: natural growth of urban population rural urban migration and the reclassification of areas previously defined as rural.

What are 3 effects of urbanization?

Poor air and water quality, insufficient water availability, waste-disposal problems, and high energy consumption are exacerbated by the increasing population density and demands of urban environments.

What are the causes and effects of urbanization?

The two causes of urbanisation are natural population increase and rural to urban migration. Urbanisation affects all sizes of settlements from small villages to towns to cities, leading up to the growth of mega-cities which have more than ten million people.

How is Urbanisation in Lagos?

Urban development in Lagos is taking place by conversion of coastal wetlands into urbanized communities which is a direct result of urban sprawl. … With an urban area population of an estimated 11.7 million, Lagos is the 14th largest urban area in the world.

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Why is Lagos growing so fast?

The main driver of growth in Lagos over the past 50 years has been rural– urban migration. People are encouraged to leave the countryside by push factors such as the lack of job opportunities and low wages. … Another reason for Lagos’ population growth is the high rate of natural increase in the city’s population.

What are urban problems and solutions?

Urban problems and Solutions

  • Poor public transport means more people resort to private cars > Traffic congestion.
  • Poor water quality.
  • Waste disposal problems associated with Landfill and Incinerators.
  • Nothing for young people to do contributes to anti-social behaviour.
  • Overcrowded Schools/Hospitals.

What are the problems in urban areas?

Following problems need to be highlighted.

  • Urban Sprawl: Urban sprawl or real expansion of the cities, both in population and geographical area, of rapidly growing cities is the root cause of urban problems. …
  • Overcrowding: …
  • Housing: …
  • Unemployment: …
  • Slums and Squatter Settlements: …
  • Transport: …
  • Water: …
  • Sewerage Problems:

What is the advantages of urbanization?

Advantages of Urbanization

Urban residents in many parts of the world tend to live longer than do rural residents, and have lower infant mortality and fertility rates. Cities provide better access to medical care, family planning, education, and social services. Recycling is more economically feasible.

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