What are the economic effect of high population density in Nigeria?
(ii) Lower living standard: There is rapid increased in the demand for goods and services in areas of high population density hence rapid increase in prices, shortage of goods and services culminating in lower living standards.
What are the effects of high population?
A rapidly increasing population reduces incomes, savings and investment. Thus capital formation is retarded and job opportunities are reduced, thereby increasing unemployment. Moreover, as the labour force increases in relation to land, capital and other resources, complementary factors available per worker decline.
What are the effects of population growth in Nigeria?
Some of these results are; depletion of resources, human congestion, weather modification, high unemployment rate, environmental degradation and a lot more.
What are the effect and consequences of population growth in Nigeria?
The population then competes directly for the finite resources that could have been used to generate income. The consequences are dire: most Nigerian children are chronically malnourished as there is a very high level of unemployment, limited access to formal education and shortage of social services.
Why is Nigeria population so high?
Nigeria’s population growth is a product of persistent high fertility and consistently declining mortality. In 2018 the total fertility rate (or the average number of children per woman) was 5.3. and the death rate was 11.9 deaths per 1,000.
What are disadvantages of population?
Population affects the environment through the use of natural resources and production of wastes. These lead to loss of biodiversity, air and water pollution and increased pressure on land. Excessive deforestation and overgrazing by the growing population has led to land degradation.
What are 3 problems caused by overpopulation?
Human overpopulation is among the most pressing environmental issues, silently aggravating the forces behind global warming, environmental pollution, habitat loss, the sixth mass extinction, intensive farming practices and the consumption of finite natural resources, such as fresh water, arable land and fossil fuels, …
What are the cause and effect of overpopulation?
The Effects of Overpopulation
More people means an increased demand for food, water, housing, energy, healthcare, transportation, and more. And all that consumption contributes to ecological degradation, increased conflicts, and a higher risk of large-scale disasters like pandemics.
What are the negative effect of overpopulation?
Consequences number, on the one hand, deforestation and desertification, extinction of animal and plant species and changes in the water cycle and the most direct consequence of all in the form of emissions of large quantities of greenhouse gases leading to global warming.
Is population increase a problem in Nigeria?
In effect, Nigeria has no population policy that would limit births, and Nigerians have traditionally valued large families. Yet the country’s rapid population growth, especially in urban areas, poses difficult economic, social, and public health challenges.
What are the 4 factors that affect population growth?
Population growth is based on four fundamental factors: birth rate, death rate, immigration, and emigration.
How does economy affect population?
If population growth exceeds growth of the economy, the standard of living goes down. Vice versa, if economic growth exceeds population growth, the standard of living goes up. Then you also have to take into account the age demographics. … The Relationship Between Economic Growth and Population Growth. …
What are positive effects of population growth?
However, I believe that population growth has positive effects on societies. These include economic benefits such as expansion of tax bases and increased consumer spending at local businesses, as well as benefits derived from innovations by cultures seeking to keep up with growing populations.
What are the impacts of population growth on resources?
The increasing population numbers and growing affluence have already resulted in rapid growth of energy production and consumption in India. The environmental effects like ground water and surface water contamination; air pollution and global warming are of growing concern owing to increasing consumption levels.
How has Kenya’s large population growth negatively affected the country?
PIP: Rapid population growth in Kenya and high fertility impacts negatively on economic development. The growth and high fertility results in declines in gross national product, per capita food consumption, and land quality; a high dependency ratio; urban crowding; and inadequate health systems.