The findings revealed that child labourers in Nigeria engaged in all sorts of child labour such as hawking, begging, carry heavy loads and experience a lot of health and educational problems ranging from injuries, pains of some sort, traffic accidents, chemical poisoning, pneumonia, craw-craw difficulty in breathing, …
What are the consequences of child Labour?
Child labour can result in extreme bodily and mental harm, and even death. It can lead to slavery and sexual or economic exploitation. And in nearly every case, it cuts children off from schooling and health care, restricting their fundamental rights and threatening their futures.
What are the causes and effects of child Labour?
Child labor persists even though laws and standards to eliminate it exist. Current causes of global child labor are similar to its causes in the U.S. 100 years ago, including poverty, limited access to education, repression of workers’ rights, and limited prohibitions on child labor.
What are the long term effects of child Labour?
Long hours of work on a regular basis can harm children’s social and educational development. U.S. adolescents who work more than 20 hours per week have reported more problem behaviors (e.g., aggression, misconduct, substance use), and sleep deprivation and related problems (falling asleep in school).
Is there child Labour in Nigeria?
Children in Nigeria engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in quarrying granite, artisanal mining, commercial sexual exploitation, and armed conflict, each sometimes as a result of human trafficking.
What is the main reason for child Labour?
Child labour and exploitation are the result of many factors, including poverty, social norms condoning them, lack of decent work opportunities for adults and adolescents, migration and emergencies. These factors are not only the cause but also a consequence of social inequities reinforced by discrimination.
Why is it important to stop child labor?
Without an education, children grow up without the skills they need to secure employment, making it more likely that they’ll send their own children to work someday. This cycle must end. Stopping child labor creates a better world for children and adults.
Who is affected by child labor?
152 million children worldwide are victims of child labor; 88 million are boys and 64 million are girls. Girls who leave school early do so disproportionately to undertake responsibility for chores within their own homes, while boys are more likely to leave school prematurely in order to join the labor force.
What is child Labour how can it be prevented?
Identifying hazardous work in your company is an important step in preventing child labour. If young people (of a legal working age) work in safe, non-hazardous conditions, then this is called youth employment. … There are reported cases of children doing hazardous work with grave consequences.
How does child Labour affect the economy?
By interfering with the accumulation of human capital, child labour reduces the adulthood labour market productivity of child workers, thereby discouraging economic growth and development. 2. By depressing adult wages, child labour results in households becoming more reliant on children as income earning assets.
Who started child labor?
In 1883, Samuel Gompers led the New York labor movement to successfully sponsor legislation prohibiting cigar-making in tenements, where thousands of young children worked in the trade. The first organizational efforts to establish a national child labor reform organization began in the South.
Where is Child Labour most common?
Sub-Saharan Africa is the region where child labour is most prevalent, and also the region where progress has been slowest and least consistent.
Is child Labour illegal?
The most sweeping federal law that restricts the employment and abuse of child workers is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Child labor provisions under FLSA are designed to protect the educational opportunities of youth and prohibit their employment in jobs that are detrimental to their health and safety.
Who is a child in Nigeria?
The National Child Welfare Policy of 1989 defines a child as anybody who is 12 years or below. However, a draft decree put into law has now set the age of the child in Nigeria as 18 years or below.
What is child Labour in simple words?
Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives them of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.
Where do children work in Nigeria?
UNICEF Nigeria is active for children’s rights. Child workers include street vendors, shoe shiners, apprentice mechanics, carpenters, vulcanisers, tailors, barbers and domestic servants. Many working children are exposed to dangerous and unhealthy environments.