The Mau Mau were a militant nationalist movement of primarily Kikuyu people, also known as the Kenya Land and Freedom Army. They launched a violent campaign against the colonial authorities and white settlers. However they also targeted those among the African population who refused to join their ranks.
How did Kenya gain its independence?
On December 12, 1963, Kenya declares its independence from Britain. … Jomo Kenyatta, a former leader of the Kenya African National Union whom the British had imprisoned on false charges after the Mau Mau Uprising, was sworn in as Kenya’s Prime Minister on June 1, 1963, in preparation for the transition to independence.
Who led the independence movement in Kenya?
The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963. It was ruled as a de facto one-party state by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta during 1963 to 1978. Kenyatta was succeeded by Daniel arap Moi, who ruled until 2002.
When did Kenya gain independence?
A coalition government of the two parties was formed in 1962, and after elections in May 1963 Kenyatta became prime minister under a constitution that gave Kenya self-government. Following further discussions in London, Kenya became fully independent on Dec. 12, 1963.
How was independence achieved in Ghana or Kenya?
Ghana Leads the Way for African Independence
Ghana’s independence in 1957 was achieved through negotiations led by the United Nations. The Africans in the Gold Coast colony were unwilling to accept small reforms towards representation; they wanted full freedom and independence.
Who named Kenya?
Etymology. The Republic of Kenya is named after Mount Kenya. The earliest recorded version of the modern name was written by German explorer Johann Ludwig Krapf in the 19th century.
What was Kenya called before colonization?
The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, commonly known as British Kenya, was part of the British Empire in Africa. It was established when the former East Africa Protectorate was transformed into a British Crown colony in 1920.
Which tribe fought for independence in Kenya?
A list of Kenyans who contributed to Kenya’s struggle for liberation from colonial rule. Led the Kikuyu Central Association, Kenya’s first all-African political organization. With Joseph Kang’ethe and later Jomo Kenyatta in 1924.
Who controls Kenya?
President of Kenya
|President of The Republic of Kenya Rais wa Jamhuri ya Kenya (Swahili)|
|Incumbent Uhuru Kenyatta since 9 April 2013|
|Style||His Excellency (Formal/International Correspondence)|
|Residence||State House, Nairobi (Official Residence)|
Where did slaves from Kenya go?
“They were captured in Tanzania, Malawi, Southern Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe] and Northern Rhodesia [now Zambia] and they were taken to Zanzibar to be sold. Mombasa was a route for them to pass through,” Haywood told DW.
What did the British do to Kenya?
The British authorities suspended civil liberties in Kenya. Many Kikuyu were forced to move. Between 320,000 and 450,000 of them were interned.. Most of the rest – more than a million – were held in “enclosed villages” also known as concentration camps.
Did Kenya participate in WWII?
Kenyan soldiers served in the successful East African Campaign against the Italians, as well as the invasion of Vichy-held Madagascar and the Burma Campaign against the Japanese, alongside troops from west Africa. Kenyans also served in the Royal Navy and some individuals also served in the Royal Air Force.
How long did the British rule Kenya?
British Kenya (1920-1963) Pre-Crisis Phase (July 23, 1920-September 25, 1952): Kenya (part of the British East Africa Protectorate) was declared a British colony on July 23, 1920. Major-General Sir Edward Northey was appointed as the first Governor of the British colony of Kenya.
How was Kenya before colonization?
By the 1st Century AD, the Kenyan coast was frequented by Arab traders, who due to Kenya’s proximity to the Arabian Peninsula, established Arab and Persian colonies there. The Nilotic and Bantu people also moved into the region during the first millennium AD. and settled inland.
What role did Jomo Kenyatta play in fighting for independence?
He was the country’s first indigenous head of government and played a significant role in the transformation of Kenya from a colony of the British Empire into an independent republic. Ideologically an African nationalist and conservative, he led the Kenya African National Union (KANU) party from 1961 until his death.