Quick Answer: Is copyright illegal in Nigeria?

Under the Nigerian law, copyright infringement exposes the party in breach to damages. Music copyright infringement or intellectual property abuse in general, is not a Nigerian phenomenon; it is a crime that is frowned at all over the world. Copyright law is governed in Nigeria by the Copyright Act, Act Cap.

The Nigerian copyright law (Cap 28, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria) permits the holder of a copyrighted works to reproduce the work in any material form, publish the work, perform the work in public, produce, reproduce, perform or publish any translation of the work, make any adaptation of the work, etc.

Section 1 of the Copyright Act stipulates that the various kinds of works that are protectable in Nigeria are:

  • Literary works;
  • Musical works;
  • Artistic works;
  • Cinematograph films;
  • Sound recordings; and.
  • Broadcasts.


Copyright Protection in Nigeria. A copyright is a legal right that grants the creator of an original work exclusive right to its use and distribution, usually for a limited time. … He/she owns the copyright in the work in the first instance. However, the author is at liberty to transfer his rights to a third party.

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Nigerian law does not require registration of copyright. As soon as an original work is reduced to a fixed and tangible form, the work is automatically copyrightable in Nigeria. … Copyright does not protect domain names.

The work goes to the public domain when the term of protection expires and third parties are allowed free use. What is the fee for registration? The fee for registration is ₦10, 000 (ten thousand naira) for those paying in naira, and $60 USD for those who are registering from outside Nigeria.

The first owner of copyright to a work is generally the original creator or author of the work. There are, however, some exceptions to this rule. In some countries, for example, the economic rights to a copyright work initially rest with the person/organization employing the creator.

If you don’t officially register a copyright, this is absolutely free. You might need additional intellectual property protection as well, but most copyright protections are free and automatic.

How do I register my copyright? To register a work, submit a completed application form, and a nonreturnable copy or copies of the work to be registered. See Circular 1, Copyright Basics, section “Registration Procedures., and Circular 4, Copyright Office Fees”.

How much is it to trademark a name in Nigeria?

The cost of registering trademark in Nigeria ordinarily includes the filing fees and the professional fee of the lawyer or agent handling such application. The total cost, including the professional fee for registering a trademark, may range between $450 to about $600.

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How much does it cost to patent in Nigeria?

Nigeria patent

Nigerian national phase patents may be filed up to 30 months from the priority date of the patent application. The typical cost to file a Nigerian patent is US$1,235 filing fee.

As a general rule, for works created after January 1, 1978, copyright protection lasts for the life of the author plus an additional 70 years.

The initial filing of a copyright application will cost between $50 and $65 depending on the type of form, unless you file online which will then only cost you $35. There are special fees for registering a copyright application claim in a group or obtaining additional certificates of registration as well.

How do I patent a name in Nigeria?

Process to register a Patent

  1. A petition or request for a patent signed by the applicant or his agent and containing the applicant’s full name and address;
  2. a specification, including a claim or claims in duplicate; plans and drawings, if any, in duplicate;

In general, registration is voluntary. Copyright exists from the moment the work is created. You will have to register, however, if you wish to bring a lawsuit for infringement of a U.S. work.

How do I patent an idea in Nigeria?


  1. Novel Invention. The invention must be new and have an inventive step that is not obvious to someone with knowledge and experience in the subject. …
  2. Capable of Industrial Application. …
  3. Public Policy and Morality. …
  4. One Invention per Registration. …
  5. Full Description.
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