4 March 1957: Gold Coast changes name to Ghana as UK grants independence | Newspapers | The Guardian.
Why was the name Gold Coast changed to Ghana?
The Gold Coast was so-named because it was an important source of gold. The Portuguese interest in trading for gold, ivory, and pepper so increased that in 1482 the Portuguese built their first permanent trading post on the western coast of present-day Ghana.
Who changed the name Gold Coast to Ghana?
Gold Coast & European Exploration: Before March 1957 Ghana was called the Gold Coast. The Portuguese who came to Ghana in the 15th Century found so much gold between the rivers Ankobra and the Volta that they named the place Mina – meaning Mine. The Gold Coast was later adopted to by the English colonisers.
Who changed the name Gold Coast?
By 1956, British Togoland, the Ashanti protectorate, and the Fante protectorate were merged with the Gold Coast to create one colony, which became known as the Gold Coast. The Ghana Independence Act 1957 constituted the Gold Coast Crown Colony as part of the new dominion of Ghana.
What is the origin of the name Gold Coast?
Etymology and position
The Gold Coast, Slave Coast, Pepper Coast (or Grain Coast) were named after the main export resources there. … It was not until the 19th century that the term came to refer to areas that are far from the coast. The Gold Coast was to the east of the Ivory Coast and to the west of the Slave Coast.
Is there a single history of Ghana?
History. Ghana was formerly known as the Gold Coast. On 6 March 1957 Kwame Nkrumah declared the country’s independence. On 1 July 1960, Ghana became a commonwealth republic with Nkrumah as the first President of the country.
What was Ghana called before Gold Coast?
The Gold Coast was the first British colony in Africa to become independent. After independence, its name changed to Ghana, and the first president was Kwame Nkrumah. Ghana is in West Africa, in the Gulf of Guinea.
Which tribe came to Ghana first?
The Guang are believed to have been the earliest inhabitants of Ghana; now, the tribe encompasses around 26 ethnic groups. Both Guan dialects and Fante tongues are used by many of the tribal subgroups.
Who are the real Ghanaians?
Ghanaians predominantly inhabit the republic of Ghana, and are the predominant cultural group and residents of Ghana, numbering 20 million people as of 2013. Native Ghanaians make up 85.4 per cent of the total population. The word “Ghana” means “warrior king”.
Who gave the name Ghana to Ghana?
WHO GAVE GHANA ITS NAME? Ghana was named after an ancient empire which boasted significant power, wealth and territory. It was called the Ghana empire. The name was adopted at independence because it was believed that the people inhabiting the Gold Coast had a historical connection with the Ghana empire.
Who was the leader of the Big Six?
Kwame Nkrumah – Prime Minister of Ghana and first president of Ghana. Ebenezer Ako-Adjei – founding member of the UGCC. Edward Akufo-Addo – founding member of the UGCC and subsequently Chief Justice of Ghana and President of Ghana. Joseph Boakye Danquah – founding member of the UGCC.
Why did Britain want the Gold Coast?
The Gold Coast had long been a major bone of contention between European nations seeking to take advantage of the natural and human resources of West Africa. The Portugese first moved into the area and built forts on the coast to allow them to trade with the local tribes.
Who Discovered Gold Coast?
The Portuguese first reached what became known as the Gold Coast in 1471. Prince Henry the Navigator first sent ships to explore the African coast in 1418. The Portuguese had several motives for voyaging south. They were attracted by rumors of fertile African lands that were rich in gold and ivory.
What countries make up the Gold Coast in Africa?
Gold Coast, section of the coast of the Gulf of Guinea, in Africa. It extends approximately from Axim, Ghana, or nearby Cape Three Points, in the west to the Volta River in the east and is so called because it was an important source of gold.