The Zambian judicial system comprises approximately 460 courts, arrayed, basically, in a hierarchy with four primary levels.
What are the 3 court systems?
The federal court system has three main levels: district courts (the trial court), circuit courts which are the first level of appeal, and the Supreme Court of the United States, the final level of appeal in the federal system.
How many types of court are there?
There are four types of courts in India, i.e., Supreme Court, High Court, District Court, and subordinate courts. The seat of the Supreme court is in New Delhi.
Which is the second highest court in Zambia?
The Court of Appeal is established under Article 130 of the Constitution of Zambia (Amendment) Act No. 2 of 2016 (“The Constitution”). It is now the second highest Superior Court of Record after the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court of Zambia.
What is the lowest court in Zambia?
The Subordinate Courts are the lower courts and the courts of first instance based on Cap 28 of the Laws of Zambia. Section 8 of the Local Courts Act states that Local Courts shall have and may exercise within the territorial limits set out such jurisdiction as may be prescribed for the grade of court.
Why are there different levels of courts?
Why do we have such a fragmented system? The framers of the Constitution wanted to create a third branch of the government, equal to the others. This is the federal judiciary. At the same time, they feared overreaching federal power, so they limited the power, or jurisdiction, of the federal courts.
How are state courts divided?
In California, the courts are divided into 2 systems: federal and state. There is also the system of tribal courts, which are part of the Native American reservation system.
What are the 4 types of court?
Learn more about the different types of federal courts.
- Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. …
- Courts of Appeals. There are 13 appellate courts that sit below the U.S. Supreme Court, and they are called the U.S. Courts of Appeals. …
- District Courts. …
- Bankruptcy Courts. …
- Article I Courts.
What are the 2 types of court system in the world?
The two types of judicial systems increasingly predominant in the contemporary world (Civil and Common Law) share a basic common, though distant, root: Roman Law, Justinianean and Classic, respectively (van Caenegem 1988).
What type of cases are heard in High Court?
When a High Court hears an appeal against the decision of a lower court, it is called Appellate Jurisdiction. A High Court is mostly a court of appeal. Appeals in both civil and criminal cases are brought to it against the decisions of the lower courts. The original jurisdiction of the High Courts is very limited.
Which one is the highest court in Zambia?
The Supreme Court of Zambia is the final Court of appeal and has the final say in all legal matters, including the interpretation of the Constitution. It consists of the Chief Justice, the Deputy Chief Justice and 7 or more Supreme Court Judges. It is located in Independence Avenue, Lusaka Zambia.
How much do judges earn in Zambia?
Salaries for specific jobs
|Administrative Law Judge||16,900 ZMK|
|Judge Advocate||13,200 ZMK|
|Law Clerk||2,710 ZMK|
|Legal Administrative Assistant||3,220 ZMK|
What are the two types of laws in Zambia?
Zambia has a plural legal system consisting of general law based on English law, customary law, and a variety of bodies of rules and practices generated by semi-autonomous social groups like the church. Customary law consists of the customary laws of each of Zambia’s 73 ethnic groups.
What is the role of the local court in Zambia?
The Local Courts of Zambia are the successors to the Native Courts which the British set up in Northern Rhodesia, as elsewhere in Colonial Africa, to administer justice to Africans. … A Grade B Local Court is presided over by a Presiding Local Court Magistrate and one other Local Court Magistrate.
Who appoints magistrates in Zambia?
Subordinate Courts are presided over by Magistrates who are appointed by the Judicial Service Commission acting in the name and on behalf of the Republican President. Out of 117 districts, there are 64 Subordinate Courts operating in Zambia.
Who appoints judges in Zambia?
In Zambia, judges are appointed by the President under Article 140 of the Constitution of Zambia (Amendment) 2016.