In Kenya, maize is produced in both small and large farms. Most of the maize crop is however produced on small scale farms. Large scale maize production goes on in Trans Nzoia, Nakuru and Uasin Gishu counties.
Where is maize mostly grown?
The predominant maize growing states that contributes more than 80 % of the total maize production are Andhra Pradesh (20.9 %), Karnataka (16.5 %), Rajasthan (9.9 %), Maharashtra (9.1 %), Bihar (8.9 %), Uttar Pradesh (6.1 %), Madhya Pradesh (5.7 %), Himachal Pradesh (4.4 %).
How much maize is grown in Kenya?
Maize (Zea mays L.) provides basic diet to millions of people in Kenya. Total land area under maize production is about 1.5 million hectares, with an annual average production estimated at 3.0 million metric tons, giving a national mean yield of 2 metric tons per hectare.
How long does Maize take to mature in Kenya?
Maturity is 4 months (120- 150 days).
How many bags of maize can an acre produce in Kenya?
What is the expected yield of maize per acre in Yatta region of Kenya? How many bags of maize should a farmer expect to harvest per acre after planting PAN variety of maize seed? The answer is 30 bags/acre if you use zai pits (according to an article by John Njue Njiru on http://johnnjue.blogspot.com/2012/05/…)
Who is the largest producer of maize?
The United States of America (USA) is the largest producer of maize contributes nearly 36% of the total production in the world and maize is the driver of the US economy. In India, Maize is grown throughout the year.
What’s the difference between maize and corn?
Corn and maize are both terms that reference the same cereal grain. Corn is primarily used in the North American english vernacular, whereas maize is used in the British english vernacular. Though the two words are often used interchangeably, they can have substantially separate applications.
How long does Maize take to grow?
Corn requires from 60 to 100 days to reach harvest depending on the variety and warm weather. Corn is ready for harvest when ears turn dark green, silks turn brown, and kernels are soft and plump; squeeze a kernel and the juice will be milky, not clear.
What is the best time to plant maize?
For market and demand reasons, it is better to start your maize farm within the early planting season. The optimum planting date is between 15th March and 15th May. It is important to understand that the fertility of a soil determines the need for fertilizers or not.
How many kg of maize will 1 hectare of land?
According to Ibikunle, the plant population determines profitability, and that no fewer than 20,000 kernels of maize should be planted on one acre, or approximately 52,000 stands on maize should be planted on one hectare of land.
What is the best way to plant maize?
Planting should start a few days after the onset of the rains when the soil is moist. Fourth, for good growth and development, maize should be planted at the right spacing. The recommended spacing is 75cm between rows and 25cm for plants. The planting holes should be about 5cm deep.
How do you take care of a maize plant?
Corn will grow quickly when it is watered well. Check soil moisture often and consider using a soaker hose if you have a small plot. Corn has a big appetite, so it’s important to feed plants with a water-soluble plant food regularly. Add a 3-inch layer of mulch to keep soil moist and prevent weeds.
How much fertilizer do you need per acre for maize?
Maize Fertilizer Requirements Per Acre
Maize can easily achieve 9 tons/ha (40 bags per acre) with the right agronomy and adequate moisture, but it does require adequate nutrition to achieve this. The amount of fertilizer required is best calculated by multiplying the target yield in tons per hectare, by 20-25 Kg.
How many bags of maize can 1 hectare produce?
A farmer who buys 10 kg of medium maturing maize seed at K260 may only produce 9.5 metric tonnes of maize per hectare which is 190 by 50 kg bags as compared to the farmer who plants 10 kg of late maturing seed at K760 with potential harvest of 14 metric tonnes or 280 bags of maize per hectare under good management.
How do I get a high maize yield?
Other crop management practices to increase maize yield
- Maintenance of an optimum soil pH ensures nutrients are readily available and maximizes growth. …
- Use of lime to increase soil pH, and gypsum to improve soil structure and calcium saturation, will help to increase maize yield.
How many tonnes is a hectare of maize?
Among the developed countries, average yields in the United States range around 6 tons per hectare. In the Republic of South Africa, where a large portion of the maize is produced on large-scale commercial farms, average yields range from less than 2 tons to almost 3 tons per hectare, depending on weather conditions.