the Minerals Marketing Corporation of Zimbabwe Act [Chapter 21:04] – regulates the Corporation which is mandated to sell the minerals in Zimbabwe; … the Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment Act [Chapter 14:33] – provides for support measures for the economic empowerment of indigenous Zimbabweans; and.
Who regulates mining?
The U.S. Department of Interior Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service regulate mining activities on federal land managed by these agencies. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, EPA, and state agencies also have roles in regulating the mining industry.
Which legislation governs the mining industry?
Work Health and Safety (WHS) legislation
The Work Health and Safety Act 2011 and the Work Health and Safety Regulation 2017 apply to all workplaces in NSW, including mining workplaces.
Is gold panning legal in Zimbabwe?
There are no official figures on illegal gold-mining activities in Zimbabwe. … In the country’s western Insiza district, farmers described how in October illegal miners burned most of their grazing lands to clear the way for digging, and then left behind vast open pits that injured cattle who fell into them.
Who was given mining rights in Zimbabwe?
Mining rights were given by the King and his advisors. The minerals mined included gold, copper and iron, for instance. Metallurgist and Iron smith (Mhizha) Entrepreneur-metallurgists crushed iron ore and smelt it with very hot fire.
What are some mining laws and regulations?
Federal laws that regulate mining
- National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
- Clean Air Act (CAA)
- Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
- Clean Water Act (CWA)
- Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
- Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)
What are the rules for mining?
Mines & Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 (“MMDR Act”) – A principal legislation for the development and regulation of mines and minerals in India. Following are rules framed by Central Government under MMDR Act: Mineral Concession Rules, 1960 (“MCR”)
What is a Section 44 appointed person?
Under Section 44, ‘appointed persons’ play an essential safety role at mine sites by assisting the principal employer, manager or authorised person to meet their compliance obligations under the legislation.
What are safety issues in mining?
Several emerging issues in mine safety include the use of autonomous equipment, impact of programmable electronic systems, psychosocial and cultural hazards and the impact of artificial intelligence (and subsequent ethics surrounding hazard control).
Why is mining a high risk industry?
The mining industry has always been a risky one, with worker safety concerns representing only a portion of the challenges. Increasingly strict regulations, the reliance on technology, inconsistent demand for raw materials and high commodity prices are concerns that every mining company has grappled with.
How can I get mining rights in Zimbabwe?
1.6 A holder of a Prospecting License automatically acquires the rights of prospecting and pegging mining claims anywhere in Zimbabwe. 1.1 When a Prospecting Licence holder has identified a mineral deposit that he/she is interested in, he/she appoints an agent or an Approved Prospector to peg on his behalf.
How do I get a gold Licence in Zimbabwe?
How to get a gold buying permit in Zimbabwe
- Police clearance for individual buyers and for company directors/Agents.
- Propose under the current license / make commitment of gold quantities you can buy per month.
- For companies, company profile and director’s names and physical addresses.
- Passport size photo for the principal licence holder and company directors.
How much is a gold buying permit in Zimbabwe?
A gold jewellery permit is now at $2 500.
Does Zimbabwe have a lot of gold?
Gold is Zimbabwe’s chief export product, accounting for nearly $1.2 billion in annual forex receipts. Around 50 per cent of the country’s gold production of 33 tonnes come from artisanal miners who deliver the yellow metal to Fidelity Printers and Refiners (FPR), owned by the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe.
What is the importance of mining in Zimbabwe?
Mining could prove to be big business in Zimbabwe, with mineral exports responsible for 60% of the country’s export earnings as of October 2018, and the mining sector contributing around 16% of national GDP.
What do they mine in Zimbabwe?
The country’s main commodities include metallurgical-grade chromite, as well as asbestos, coal, copper, gold, nickel, and iron ore. Early development of the country was spurred by the European discovery of gold, in many cases they found evidence of previous goldmining.