Maize (Zea mays L.) provides basic diet to millions of people in Kenya. Total land area under maize production is about 1.5 million hectares, with an annual average production estimated at 3.0 million metric tons, giving a national mean yield of 2 metric tons per hectare.
How many bags of maize can 1 acre produce?
How many bags of maize should a farmer expect to harvest per acre after planting PAN variety of maize seed? The answer is 30 bags/acre if you use zai pits (according to an article by John Njue Njiru on http://johnnjue.blogspot.com/2012/05/…)
How many kg of maize will 1 hectare of land?
Per hectare of farmland; with this, you can yield 2,000-4,000 kilos of maize. You may need to consider planting alternative crops in alternating years, such as soybeans. Planting an alternating crop helps to diversify the chemical demands of your soil.
Where is maize grown in Kenya?
In Kenya, maize is produced in both small and large farms. Most of the maize crop is however produced on small scale farms. Large scale maize production goes on in Trans Nzoia, Nakuru and Uasin Gishu counties.
Which country is the largest producer of maize?
China and Brazil rounded off the top corn producing countries. Corn, also known as maize, is a grain plant cultivated for food.
Global corn production in 2019/2020, by country (in 1,000 metric tons)
|Characteristic||Production in thousand metric tons|
How many bags of maize can one hectare produce?
A farmer who buys 10 kg of medium maturing maize seed at K260 may only produce 9.5 metric tonnes of maize per hectare which is 190 by 50 kg bags as compared to the farmer who plants 10 kg of late maturing seed at K760 with potential harvest of 14 metric tonnes or 280 bags of maize per hectare under good management.
How many maize cobs does a plant produce?
Remember to cut cobs in half or carefully count the number of rows which can vary from between 8 and 20. The usual number would probably be between 12 and 16. Commercial maize with good cobs would average about 600 kernels. If the crop is at physiological maturity a more accurate determination can be made.
How many months does it take maize to grow?
– Late season seeds (110 to 120 days); – Early season seeds (90 to 100 days); – Extra-early season seeds (80 to 90 days).
How many tonnes is a hectare of maize?
Among the developed countries, average yields in the United States range around 6 tons per hectare. In the Republic of South Africa, where a large portion of the maize is produced on large-scale commercial farms, average yields range from less than 2 tons to almost 3 tons per hectare, depending on weather conditions.
How do you calculate maize per hectare?
For example, if 2 kilograms are harvested from 20 measured segments in a plot, each segment is 2 metres long, and average row spacing is 0.75 metres then: Grain yield (kg/ha) = (2 x 10,000)/(20 x 2 x 0.75) = 667 kg/ha.
What is the best way to plant maize?
Planting should start a few days after the onset of the rains when the soil is moist. Fourth, for good growth and development, maize should be planted at the right spacing. The recommended spacing is 75cm between rows and 25cm for plants. The planting holes should be about 5cm deep.
Which is the best fertilizer for maize?
The standard fertilizer recommendation for maize consists of 150 kg ha−1 NPK 14–23–14 and 50 kg ha−1 urea (Dugué 2010). Composite soil samples were collected at 0–20 cm depth after plowing and before fertilizer application.
How long does Maize take to grow in Kenya?
Maize matures after 3-4 months especially for the short season varieties with others going up to 10 months or more. Harvesting can be done while the maize is green or when dry. Cobs are harvested by hand or by use of mechanized harvesters e.g. combine harvesters.
Where is maize currently grown?
The predominant maize growing states that contributes more than 80 % of the total maize production are Andhra Pradesh (20.9 %), Karnataka (16.5 %), Rajasthan (9.9 %), Maharashtra (9.1 %), Bihar (8.9 %), Uttar Pradesh (6.1 %), Madhya Pradesh (5.7 %), Himachal Pradesh (4.4 %).
Where is maize grown today?
Corn is grown in most U.S. States, but production is concentrated in the Heartland region (including Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, eastern portions of South Dakota and Nebraska, western Kentucky and Ohio, and the northern two-thirds of Missouri).
Which country is the largest producer of maize in Africa?
Maize occupies approximately 24% of farmland in Africa and the average yield stagnates at around 2 tons/hectare/year. The largest African producer is Nigeria with over 33 million tons, followed by South Africa, Egypt, and Ethiopia.