Question: How do they grow cocoa in Nigeria?

In Nigeria, the cocoa tree is grown from seedlings which are raised in nurseries, when the seedlings reach a height of 3 cm they are transplanted at a distance of 3 to 4 meters. The cultivation of cocoa is done by many smallscale farmers on farmlands of around 2 hectares while export is dominated by a few firms.

Where is Cocoa mostly grown in Nigeria?

Cocoa is grown in the southern region due to the favorable soil and climate condition. The top growing states Ondo, Ogun, Osun, Oyo and Ekiti account for about 60% of the cocoa production and make up at least 30% of the total cocoa export in Nigeria.

How is cocoa grown?


They are called pods. The pods contain seeds which are called cocoa beans. The beans are made up of a seed coat, a kernel and a germ. Cocoa needs a high temperature, plenty of water, and air that is always moist.

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How many cocoa farmers are there in Nigeria?

Nigeria’s cocoa is cultivated on (estimated) 800,000 hectares of land and makes up 5% of global cocoa production which is contributed by an estimated 300,000 cocoa farmers, two-thirds of which live in south west Nigeria.

Which state in Nigeria is the highest producer of cocoa?

Ondo state is the largest producer of cocoa in Nigeria. The state records an output capacity estimated at 77,000 tons per annum.

Which state is the largest producer of groundnut in Nigeria?

The major groundnut producing states are Kano, Katsina, Kaduna, Jigawa, Sokoto, Zamfara and Kebbi in the Northwest; Adamawa, Bauchi, Yobe and Borno in the Northeast; and Benue, Plateau, Taraba, Nasarawa, FCT Abuja, Kogi, Niger and Kwara in the Central Zone.

What are the 3 largest chocolate companies in the world?

Top 10 Largest Chocolate Companies in the World 2020

Rank Companies 2019 Net Sales (US$ billion)
1 Mars Wrigley Confectionery (USA) 18
2 Ferrero Group (Luxembourg / Italy) 13
3 Mondelēz International (USA) 11.8
4 Meiji Co Ltd (Japan) 9.7

How long does it take to grow cocoa?

It takes about 5 years (from seed) for a cacao tree to grow mature and start producing cacao pods. The beans grow in football-shaped pods on the trunk of the tree and from larger branches. The average cacao tree produces 30-40 cacao pods a year.

Why are cocoa farmers paid so little?

As a result of low yields due to poor farming practices, aging trees and limited access to inputs such as fertilizer and planting materials. The average cocoa farmer’s income is significantly below the World Bank’s extreme poverty line of USD 1.

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Which country is the largest producer of cocoa in the world?

Most cocoa is produced in West Africa

In the 2018/2019 cocoa season, a total of 4.8 million tons of cocoa was produced worldwide. Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana are by far the two largest producers of cocoa, accounting for over 60% of global cocoa production, followed by Ecuador with seven percent.

Who is the first man to plant cocoa in Nigeria?

Captain JPL Davies’ cocoa lessons. Sometime in April 1916, a note was published in the Journal of the African Society stating that the first person to plant cocoa in West Africa was ‘a native of Africa’ who planted the crop in the 1880’s.

How long does it take cocoa to bear fruit?

With care, most cacao trees begin to yield pods at peak production levels by the fifth year, which can continue for another 10‒20 years. Ripe pods may be found on cacao trees at any time, however, most countries have 2 periods of time per year of peak production.

How many times is cocoa harvested in a year?

Cocoa harvest is not restricted to one period per year and a harvest typically occurs over several months. In fact, in many countries, cocoa can be harvested at any time of the year.

How much is cocoa in Nigeria?

Prices of Cocoa in Nigeria Today

As it stands, a tonne of cocoa sells for anything between N700, 000 – N750, 000 depending on the location of purchase.

How much is a ton of cocoa?


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The current price of a tonne of cocoa in Nigeria this 2021 using estimates is roughly between ₦700,000 – ₦760,000 and this depends on the place you purchase the product.

Which state is cocoa grown mostly?

Although cocoa is mostly grown in fourteen of the Thirty-six Nigerian States, the main producing states (aside from Cross River, in the South East) are located in the South West of the country, with most production areas located in: Edo, Ekiti, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo (Figure 4).

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