An Expert’s guide on making huge profits from yam farming business. … Nigeria is a major producer and consumer of yams, yet we have not sustained production to support exports on a large scale. Consumer demand for yam is generally very high in Nigeria and yam cultivation is very. profitable despite high production costs.
How long does it take yam to grow in Nigeria?
Depending on the species, yam grows for six to ten months and is dormant for two to four months, these two phases usually corresponding to the wet season and the dry season. In West and Central Africa, tubers are planted between February and April, depending on the weather in the humid forest or on the savanna.
Which month is best for planting yams in Nigeria?
Yam is best planted within the months of February and April when the rainy season is just beginning. These are the best periods for land preparation. After the bush had been cleared, make hips of loose soil of about one meter in height and one meters apart. Ridged bed types are also good for yam planting.
Which state is the largest producer of yam in Nigeria?
Benue is Nigeria’s largest yam producing state and records an average sale of 1.5 million yams a year.
How do Yams grow in Nigeria?
Planting is done by seed yam or cut setts from ware tubers. One day before planting, the tubers have to be subjected to treatment with wood ash or a fungicide (thiabendazole) to prevent damage to the soils. The setts are planted at an interval of 15–20 centimetres (5.9–7.9 in) with the cut face facing up.
What is the best month to plant yam?
Yam is best planted between February and March in mounds or ridges by planting seed yams (pieces of tubers or completely small ones) preserved for the new planting season. However, in some localities especially in riverine areas, land preparation, clearing and burning of grasses, heaping and ridging are done earlier.
How many months does it take for Yam to grow?
Depending on the variety, yams are harvested 6 to 12 months after planting. Lift the tubers when the leaves and stems turn yellow and dry. Do not leave the ripe tubers too long in the ground, otherwise they become bitter and may rot.
What part of yam is used for planting?
With this practice, yam planting material is often a combination of cut tubers and whole tubers, and the cut portions are made up of setts from the head, middle and tail sections of the tuber.
How do I know when to harvest my yams?
Harvest and Storage
Sweet potatoes are usually ready to harvest just as the ends of the vines begin to turn yellow, or just before frost in the North. To avoid injuring tubers, find the primary crown of the plant you want to dig, and then use a digging fork to loosen an 18-inch wide circle around the plant.
Which state is the richest in Nigeria?
Top 10 Richest States In Nigeria
- Ogun State – DP: $11.05 Billion. …
- Edo State – GDP: $11.89 Billion. …
- Kano State – GDP: $12.39 Billion. …
- Imo State – GDP: $14.21 Billion. …
- Oyo State – GDP: $16.12 Billion. …
- Delta State – GDP: $16.75 Billion. …
- Rivers State – GDP: $21.17 Billion. …
- Lagos State – GDP: $33.68 Billion.
Which state have the best yam in Nigeria?
Taraba is the top region by production of yam in Nigeria. As of 2005, production of yam in Taraba was 3,162 1000 metric tons that accounts for 12.89% of Nigeria’s production of yam. The top 5 regions (others are Benue, Niger, Enugu, and Kaduna) account for 50.55% of it.
Who owns the biggest farm in Nigeria?
Rotimi Williams: 39-year-old Nigerian who owns 2nd largest rice farm in the country
- – Rotimi Williams is making the country proud as his success in the agricultural sector has always been a reference point.
- – The young man owns the second largest rice farm in Nigeria which is situated in Nasarawa.
How long does it take water yam to grow?
The yam crop stays in the field for 8 to 10 months and the tubers are ready to grow after another 2 to 3 months after harvest when dormancy is broken.
What did the Igbo tribe use for money?
Cowry shells of many varieties and species were the first universal currency. They have been used across Africa to facilitate trade and measure wealth. There are many more types of currencies the Igbo tribe uses including Ackies, Manilla, copper rods, and brass rods.
What is Yam Minisett?
White yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir.) is an important tuber crop grown throughout West Africa, the Caribbean, and Latin America. … The Yam Minisett Technique (YMT) was introduced in Nigeria in the late 1970s as a means of increasing the production of seed yams.