Nigeria is a huge hub for biodiversity and is known as a global hotspot for primate species. However, the country is gradually losing its rich biodiverse natural resources.
What is biodiversity in Nigeria?
Nigeria is endowed with several biodiversity (plants and animals). 13. Nigeria has about 22,000 vertebrate and invertebrate species, and of these, about 0.14% is threatened and 0.22% is endangered.
What ecosystem is Nigeria?
The diversity of the country’s natural ecosystems ranges from semi-arid savanna to mountain forests, rich seasonal floodplain environments, rainforests, vast freshwater swamp forests and diverse coastal vegetation. Nigeria’s Niger Delta contains the largest tract of mangrove in Africa.
How many biodiversity hotspots are in Africa?
The Eight Biodiversity Hotspots Of Africa.
Which is the largest biodiversity hotspot in the world?
The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world’s most diverse hotspot. About one-sixth of all plant species in the world live in this region. The New Zealand archipelago is another hotspot. Life on New Zealand evolved in isolation, so the islands contain many species not found anywhere else.
What are the major factors affecting biodiversity today?
Major threats to biodiversity are:
- Habitat destruction/Deforestation.
- Introduced and invasive species.
- Genetic pollution.
- Over exploitation.
- Climate change.
- Human over-population.
What wildlife is in Nigeria?
These include lions, leopards, mongooses, hyenas, side-striped jackals, African elephants, African buffaloes, African manatees, rhinoceroses, antelopes, waterbuck, giraffes, warthogs, red river hogs, hippopotamuses, pangolins, aardvarks, western tree hyraxes, bushbabies, monkeys, baboons, western gorillas, chimpanzees, …
Do we have lions in Nigeria?
Formerly widespread across northern Nigeria, today lions survive in only two sites in the country: Kainji Lake National Park and Yankari Game Reserve. More than 90% of the lion’s original range has now been lost across Africa. … It is estimated that fewer than 50 lions survive in Nigeria.
How safe is Nigeria?
There is a high level of crime throughout Nigeria, including armed robbery, kidnapping for ransom, home invasions, carjacking and violent assault. Criminal activity is high in urban areas, including the city of Lagos, as well as on the northern border with Niger and Chad.
Are there giraffes in Nigeria?
The population of giraffes has dwindled across Africa over the past 30 years, according to the Giraffe Conservation Foundation (GCF). In West Africa, the regional subspecies was once common in many countries, including Nigeria, Mali, Mauritania and Senegal, but now only exists in Niger.
Why is Horn of Africa a biodiversity hotspot?
The Horn of Africa is one of only two entirely arid hotspots. It extends from Oman and Yemen through Eritrea and Somalia to parts of Ethiopia and Kenya. It is notable for endemic plants, with more than 2700 species. … It is one of the most degraded of the world’s hotspots, due to overgrazing and charcoal harvesting.
What is the status of biodiversity in Africa?
overall, biodiversity in Africa continues to decline, with ongoing losses of species and habitats. ongoing loss of biodiversity in Africa is driven by a combination of human-induced factors. Africa’s freshwater ecosystems and their biodiversity are especially threatened.
How much biodiversity is in Africa?
The African continent is filled with an amazingly diverse collection of plant and animal life. The continent is home to more than 50,000 known plant species, 1,000 mammal species, and 1,500 bird species.
What are the top 5 biodiversity hotspots?
What is a Biodiversity Hotspot?
- Atlantic Forest – Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay.
- Polynesia-Micronesia, Southern Pacific Ocean.
- Cerrado – Brazil.
- Himalaya – Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China.
- Cape Floral Region – South Africa.
- Coastal Forests – Eastern Africa.
Who is father of biodiversity?
Two animal species have been scientifically named in his honor.
|E. O. Wilson|
|Wilson in 2003|
|Born||Edward Osborne Wilson June 10, 1929 Birmingham, Alabama, United States|
Where is the most biodiversity loss?
Micronesia and Polynesia. Called the “epicenter of the current global extinction,” by Conservation International, this smattering of more than 4,000 South Pacific islands is at risk from both local human activity and global climate change. Humans settled on these islands between 2,000 and 3,000 years ago.