The French Colony of Niger (French: Colonie du Niger) was a French colonial possession covering much of the territory of the modern West African state of Niger, as well as portions of Mali, Burkina Faso and Chad. It existed in various forms from 1900 to 1960 but was titled the Colonie du Niger only from 1922 to 1960.
What countries did France colonize in Africa?
French West Africa (French: Afrique occidentale française, AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte d’Ivoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.
When did Niger gain independence from France?
On the 18th Niger declared itself a republic within the French Community and the Territorial Assembly became the Constituent Assembly. This date (18 December 1958) is celebrated as Republic Day, the national holiday of Niger, and considered the date of the founding of the nation.
What colonies Does France still have?
- Present-day Brazil. France Équinoxiale (Bay of São Luis) (1610–1615) …
- Haiti (1627–1804)
- Present-day Suriname. …
- Îles des Saintes (1648–present)
- Marie-Galante (1635–present)
- la Désirade (1635–present)
- Guadeloupe (1635–present)
- Martinique (1635–present)
When did Niger become Niger?
|Republic of the Niger République du Niger (French) Jamhuriyar Nijar (Hausa)|
|• Republic proclaimed||18 December 1958|
|• Declared||3 August 1960|
|• Total||1,267,000 km2 (489,000 sq mi) (21st)|
Why did France want Africa?
The main goal of colonizing West Africa was that they wanted to turn West African countries into a “French-state”. This means changing their way of living, making the official language French, making them convert into a new religion like Christianity. The French colonization changed the African culture.
Who colonized Morocco?
The French Protectorate consisted of a majority, about nine-tenths, of Morocco. France controlled the Moroccan land to the south of the Spanish Protectorate. The capital city of the French Protectorate was Rabat (History of Morocco to the Present Day, Moroccansands.com).
Why is Niger so poor?
Causes of poverty in Niger include limited arable land, widespread illiteracy and agricultural vulnerability to climate shock. An integral part of Niger’s culture is the hereditary system of distributing land. This system is not sustainable because the land becomes further divided with each generation.
What is Niger famous for?
Niger sits on some of the world’s largest uranium deposits, but is one of the “Heavily Indebted Poor Countries” (HIPC). Its economy is based on subsistence agriculture, like crops and livestock, and the export of raw commodities.
What do you call someone from Niger?
Though “Nigerien” is the formal name for a resident of Niger, other sources such as the BBC and Associated Press often refer to the country’s residents as “Nigerois” to create a clear difference between residents of Niger and Nigeria.
Which country has the most colonies today?
See our Guide to New Nations. Are there still any countries that have colonies? There are 61 colonies or territories in the world. Eight countries maintain them: Australia (6), Denmark (2), Netherlands (2), France (16), New Zealand (3), Norway (3), the United Kingdom (15), and the United States (14).
Why did the French empire fall?
The French colonial empire began to fall during the Second World War, when various parts were occupied by foreign powers (Japan in Indochina, Britain in Syria, Lebanon, and Madagascar, the United States and Britain in Morocco and Algeria, and Germany and Italy in Tunisia).
Does France own part of Canada?
Canada remained a French territory until 1763 when it became the British colony of the Province of Quebec.
Canada (New France)
|Preceded by||Succeeded by|
|Aboriginal peoples in Canada||Province of Quebec (1763–1791)|
Is Niger safe to live?
There are a number of health risks in Niger that should be considered before an expatriate embarks upon a trip there. … Poverty in Niger is high; as a result, the levels of crime, particularly in Niamey, the country’s capital, are high. One of the most prevalent forms of crime that expatriates are at risk of is theft.
Who ruled Niger before independence?
Nigeria became a British protectorate in 1901. The period of colonisation lasted until 1960, when an independence movement succeeded. Nigeria first became a republic in 1963, but succumbed to military rule three years later, after a bloody coup d’état.
Why is there a country called Niger?
The country takes its name from the Niger River, which flows through the southwestern part of its territory. The name Niger derives in turn from the phrase gher n-gheren, meaning “river among rivers,” in the Tamashek language.