Is malaria endemic in Nigeria?

Malaria is endemic in Nigeria, and the population at highest risk includes children, pregnant women, and the non-immune. Along with malarial morbidity and mortality come economic losses.

Is malaria an epidemic in Nigeria?

Malaria prevalence, cases, map, treatment, risk and deaths in Nigeria. According to the 2019 World Malaria Report, Nigeria had the highest number of global malaria cases (25 % of global malaria cases) in 2018 and accounted for the highest number of deaths (24 % of global malaria deaths).

In what countries is malaria endemic?

The highest transmission is found in Africa South of the Sahara and in parts of Oceania such as Papua New Guinea. In cooler regions, transmission will be less intense and more seasonal. There, P. vivax might be more prevalent because it is more tolerant of lower ambient temperatures.

Why is malaria so common in Nigeria?

The geographic location of Nigeria makes suitable climate for malaria transmission throughout the country and it is all year round in most part of the country. The most prevalent malaria parasite species is Plasmodium falciparum (>95%) and it is responsible for most forms of the severe disease [1,2].

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Is malaria endemic in Africa?

Malaria occurs mostly in poor, tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Africa is the most affected due to a combination of factors: A very efficient mosquito (Anopheles gambiae complex) is responsible for high transmission.

Is malaria a virus?

Malaria is caused by single-celled microorganisms of the Plasmodium group. The disease is most commonly spread by an infected female Anopheles mosquito. The mosquito bite introduces the parasites from the mosquito’s saliva into a person’s blood.

Malaria
Deaths 409,000 in 2019

Who is most affected by malaria in Nigeria?

Malaria accounts for 60% of outpatient visits and 30% of hospitalizations among children under five years of age in Nigeria. Malaria has the greatest prevalence, close to 50%, in children age 6-59 months in the South West, North Central, and North West regions.

What country is malaria most common in?

Most malaria cases and deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the WHO regions of South-East Asia, Eastern Mediterranean, Western Pacific, and the Americas are also at risk. Some population groups are at considerably higher risk of contracting malaria, and developing severe disease, than others.

What country is most affected by malaria?

In South East Asia, the second most affected region in the world, India has the highest malaria burden (with an estimated 24 million cases per year), followed by Indonesia and Myanmar.

Why is there no malaria in Europe?

Malaria was eradicated from Europe in the 1970s through a combination of insecticide spraying, drug therapy and environmental engineering. Since then, it has been mostly imported into the continent by international travellers and immigrants from endemic regions.

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Is it dangerous to go to Nigeria?

Nigeria is currently a very dangerous destination for potential tourists. Governments in several countries have even issued warnings against traveling to this country, for reasons such as terrorism, kidnappings and other types of violent crime.

Is Nigeria safe for tourist?

Nigeria is not the safest place to travel in Africa, however there are a number of things you can do to avoid trouble and exercise extra personal safety. There are government warnings that are in place for terrorism risks, kidnapping and other violent crime.

What diseases are common in Nigeria?

major health problem in Nigeria. The top causes of death in Nigeria are; malaria, lower respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, road injuries, protein-energy malnutrition, cancer, meningitis, stroke and tuberculosis.

What are the 5 types of malaria?

What Are the Different Types of Malaria Parasites?

  • Plasmodium falciparum (or P. falciparum)
  • Plasmodium malariae (or P. malariae)
  • Plasmodium vivax (or P. vivax)
  • Plasmodium ovale (or P. ovale)
  • Plasmodium knowlesi (or P. knowlesi)

How long has malaria been a problem in Africa?

115 years of malaria in Africa.

What is the number one cause of death in Africa?

Although HIV is not one of the leading causes of death worldwide, it remains within the top five leading causes of death in Africa.

Distribution of the leading causes of death in Africa in 2019.

Characteristic Distribution of causes of death
HIV/AIDS 5.6%
Ischaemic heart disease 5.5%
Stroke 5.5%
Across the Sahara