Maize is an important food crop in Ghana, accounting for more than 50 percent of the country’s total cereal production. The Ghana Grains Development Project (1979–1997) and the Food Crops Development Project (2000–2008) made major investments to improve maize yield.
Where is maize grown Ghana?
Maize grows well in almost every part of Ghana. It grows in the northern savannah, transitional, forest and coastal savannah zones of the country . The main maize producing areas in Ghana are Eastern, Ashanti and Brong Ahafo regions that account for over 80% of total maize production in Ghana.
When did Ghana introduce maize?
After its introduction in the late 16th century, it got established as an essential staple crop in the southern part of Ghana. Maize is the most widely produced and consumed cereal crop in Ghana and maize production has seen increasing trend since 1965 (Morris et al., 1999; FAO, 2008).
Does Ghana import maize?
Ghana imports of Cereal flour; of maize (corn) was $324.28K and quantity 118,174Kg. Ghana imported Cereal flour; of maize (corn) from Belgium ($299.56K , 101,635 Kg), South Africa ($8.43K , 606 Kg), Nigeria ($4.55K , 1,500 Kg), United Kingdom ($3.79K , 2,220 Kg), United States ($1.96K , 2,255 Kg).
What region does maize grow in?
The predominant maize growing states that contributes more than 80 % of the total maize production are Andhra Pradesh (20.9 %), Karnataka (16.5 %), Rajasthan (9.9 %), Maharashtra (9.1 %), Bihar (8.9 %), Uttar Pradesh (6.1 %), Madhya Pradesh (5.7 %), Himachal Pradesh (4.4 %).
How many bags of maize can 1 acre produce?
How many bags of maize should a farmer expect to harvest per acre after planting PAN variety of maize seed? The answer is 30 bags/acre if you use zai pits (according to an article by John Njue Njiru on http://johnnjue.blogspot.com/2012/05/…)
How much is a bag of maize in Ghana?
The average price for a bag of maize gained 3.74% to close the month at GHS 138.86. The highest price of GHS 203.00 was recorded at Takoradi. The lowest price of GHS 95.00 was recorded at Bawku. The average price for a bag of local rice gained 1.49% to close the month at GHS 329.86.
How long does Maize take to grow?
Corn requires from 60 to 100 days to reach harvest depending on the variety and warm weather. Corn is ready for harvest when ears turn dark green, silks turn brown, and kernels are soft and plump; squeeze a kernel and the juice will be milky, not clear.
What conditions does maize grow in?
Soil type: Maize needs a dry soil in the spring, but not a soil type that will dry out too much in late spring when the young plants are developing.
What is required to grow maize?
Maize is grown in temperatures between 18°C and 27°C during the day and around 14°C during the night. But the most important factor is the 140 frost-free days. The crop is very susceptible to frost; therefore, its cultivation in temperate latitudes is limited.
Did Ghana import maize in 2019?
Imports of commodity group 1005 “Maize (corn).” accounted for 0.076% of total import flow to Ghana (in 2019, total imports to Ghana amounted to $ 10.4 billion).
Does Ghana Export Maize?
Ghana has resumed the export of maize to three neighbouring countries, including Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, and Togo. … Other food items such as yam, cowpea, and cassava are also being exported according to records tracking the movements of foodstuffs in some major markets across the country.
Does Ghana import eggs?
Ghana imports large quantities of day-old chicks and hatching eggs from the European Union, USA and Brazil.
Who is the largest producer of maize?
The United States of America (USA) is the largest producer of maize contributes nearly 36% of the total production in the world and maize is the driver of the US economy.
Which state is the largest producer of maize?
After Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh Bihar is the highest maize producer. Andhra Pradesh is having highest state productivity.
What is difference between maize and corn?
Corn and maize are both terms that reference the same cereal grain. Corn is primarily used in the North American english vernacular, whereas maize is used in the British english vernacular. … Maize is rarely used in reference to food products that are made from maize grains, while corn is frequently used for food items.