How profitable is maize farming in Ghana?

Despite the above economic benefits of maize production, yield in Ghana’s maize farms is one of the lowest worldwide. According to reports from IFPRI and MOFA, current yields in Ghana stand at 1.73 metric ton/ha and 1.92 metric ton/ha respectively [3], [18], [27].

What is the yield of maize per acre?

These are the harvesting indications in maize. Duration of crop is 110 days averagely. Yield 10 to 20 quintals per acre. With hybrids we can get yield up to 40 quintals per acre.

What is the price of a bag of maize in Ghana?

The average price for a bag of maize gained 3.74% to close the month at GHS 138.86. The highest price of GHS 203.00 was recorded at Takoradi. The lowest price of GHS 95.00 was recorded at Bawku. The average price for a bag of local rice gained 1.49% to close the month at GHS 329.86.

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How do I start a maize farm?

How to Start Maize Farming

  1. Select a Location. First of all, select a good location for maize farming. …
  2. Prepare the Soil. …
  3. Climate Requirements for Maize Farming. …
  4. Best Time for Maize Farming. …
  5. Select a Type. …
  6. Purchase Seeds. …
  7. Seeds per Acre. …
  8. Planting.

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How many bags of fertilizer do you need per acre of maize?

Maize Fertilizer Requirements Per Acre

Maize can easily achieve 9 tons/ha (40 bags per acre) with the right agronomy and adequate moisture, but it does require adequate nutrition to achieve this. The amount of fertilizer required is best calculated by multiplying the target yield in tons per hectare, by 20-25 Kg.

How much maize can you harvest per hectare?

The coefficient of variation around the average long-term maize yield in South Africa of 4 tons per hectare is 25%, which means that the total crop can be between 3 tons and 5 tons per hectare during any season.

How many kg of maize will 1 hectare of land?

Per hectare of farmland; with this, you can yield 2,000-4,000 kilos of maize. You may need to consider planting alternative crops in alternating years, such as soybeans. Planting an alternating crop helps to diversify the chemical demands of your soil.

How many kg is a bag of maize in Ghana?

Price and Production of Maize in Ashanti Region Prices of Maize (Bag of 100 kg) in GH¢ Production of Maize (Metric Tons)

How many kg is a bag of maize?

White Maize Corn, Packaging: 50 kg/bag.

How much does a bag of maize weigh in Ghana?

The introduction of the new measure which resulted in a 23Kg gain on each bag sold resulted in extra incomes (15%) for producers. However, few institutions operating in the municipalities purchased maize with a standardized weight of 50Kg.

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Does maize need a lot of water?

A fully grown maize crop will need more water than a maize crop which has just been planted. As has been discussed before, the crop water need or crop evapotranspiration consists of transpiration by the plant and evaporation from the soil and plant surface.

How long does Maize take to grow?

Corn typically requires 90 to 120 Growing Degree Days or GDDs from planting to emergence. Of course this range assumes adequate soil moisture and varies with planting depth, tillage system and crop residue cover.

How long does it take maize to germinate?

Maize is a warm-season crop. Maize seeds germinate approximately in 4 to 10 days. Seed germination and emergence are optimal when soil temperatures are approximately 29 to 32°C. At 12-15°C Maize will take 10 to 14 days to emerge.

How can the yield of maize be increased?

Consider these 9 tips, techniques, and methods regarding how to increase your corn crop yield

  1. Plant Early, Plant Effectively. …
  2. Practice Seasonal Soil Rotation. …
  3. Know The Yield Potential. …
  4. Always Scout Your Fields. …
  5. Ensure Proper Water Drainage. …
  6. Utilize Fertilizers. …
  7. Test Your Soil. …
  8. Weed Early and Often.

How do you increase maize yield per acre?

Other crop management practices to increase maize yield

  1. Maintenance of an optimum soil pH ensures nutrients are readily available and maximizes growth. …
  2. Use of lime to increase soil pH, and gypsum to improve soil structure and calcium saturation, will help to increase maize yield.

Which fertilizer is best for planting maize?

The main fertilizers used are Di-ammonium phosphate (DAP) at 50kg/acre (50kg bag/acre) (applied at planting), Calcium ammonium phosphate (CAN) at 92kg/acre (2 bags of 50kg each) topdressed when the plants are knee-high.

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