How many castles were built in Ghana?

The UNESCO has documented 32 forts and castles along Ghana’s coast as World Heritage Sites.

What is the oldest castle in Ghana?

Elmina Castle is the oldest and largest in Ghana, West Africa. Along the West and East Coast of Ghana, there are a line up of Forts and Castles.

Who built the first castle in Ghana?


In 1471, a Portuguese expedition arrived, led by Don Diego d’ Azambuja. They called the area “Mina de Ouro” because of the vast amount of gold and ivory, they found. A mere eleven years after their first contact, the Portuguese built St. George’s Castle, commonly called Elmina Castle, in 1482.

What are the names of the castles in Ghana?

The term specifically applies to a number of such fortifications designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979, including:

  • Fort Good Hope (Fort Goedehoop)
  • Cape Coast Castle.
  • Fort Patience (Fort Leysaemhyt)
  • Fort Amsterdam.
  • Fort St. Jago (Fort Conraadsburg)
  • Fort Batenstein.
  • Fort San Sebastian.
  • Fort Metal Cross.
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How many castles were built along the coast?

During the period of active, trans-oceanic slave-trading, about 40 slave castles were built along the coast of West Africa–from Senegal to Ghana (formerly Gold Coast) however, slaves that were brought, bought and housed therein were also from the interior of the continent.

Where was the first castle school built in Ghana?

The Philip Quaque Boys School in Cape Coast beats them all in age. It is the first formal school in Ghana. Cape Coast holds the monuments of the Trans-Atlantic Slave trade and the Cape Coast castle, where European merchants pitched camp.

Which country built the Elmina Castle?

Elmina Castle was erected by the Portuguese in 1482 as Castelo de São Jorge da Mina (St. George of the Mine Castle), also known as Castelo da Mina or simply Mina (or Feitoria da Mina), in present-day Elmina, Ghana (formerly the Gold Coast).

Which European country built the first castle?

In 1482, the Portuguese built St. George’s Castle (Elmina Castle). This vast rectangular 97,000sq ft fortification is the earliest known European structure in the tropics.

How many forts were built in Ghana?

The UNESCO has documented 32 forts and castles along Ghana’s coast as World Heritage Sites.

How old is the Elmina Castle?

539c. 1482

What is the difference between a fort and a castle?

The main difference between both the terms are that the castles were mainly built for the purpose of safety or protection, whereas, forts were built for the purpose of military . A castle is a huge building that is prepared and contains many defenses. … A fortress is a very large fort.

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Where did the Portuguese first settle in Ghana?

In 1483, the Portuguese came to the continent for increased trade. They built the Castle of Elmina, the first European settlement on the Gold Coast.

Why did they build castles in the Middle Ages?

Why did they build Castles? During the Middle Ages much of Europe was divided up between lords and princes. … In order to defend themselves, they built their homes as large castles in the center of the land they ruled. They could defend from attacks as well as prepare to launch attacks of their own from their castles.

Why did European leaders build castles?

In some areas along the West African coast, especially on the Gold Coast, the Portuguese, Dutch, and British constructed dozens of forts and other substantial structures (often referred to as castles), whose imposing presence meant to symbolize and promote European wealth and prestige.

Are there any castles in Africa?

While one might think of Europe as the go-to place to see castles, there are also a great number of castles in Africa to explore. From the Castle of Good Hope in South Africa, to the Fasilides Castle in Ethiopia, these 15 castles are sure to intrigue the architecture and history buff in everyone.

Which fort was built by the Dutch?

It was built by the Dutch in 1649 as Fort Crèvecœur, and is a day’s march from Elmina and to the east of Accra on a rocky point between two lagoons. It was one of three forts that Europeans built in the region during the middle of the 17th century.

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Ussher Fort
Occupants Netherlands (1649-1868)
Across the Sahara