|Communal conflicts in Nigeria|
|Date 1998–present (23 years) Location Nigeria Status Ongoing|
|Adara, Berom, Jukun, Tiv and Tarok farmers||Fulani and Hausa herders||Nigerian Armed Forces Nigeria Police Force|
How long has there been conflict in Nigeria?
|Nigerian Civil War|
|The de facto independent Republic of Biafra in June 1967.|
|Date 6 July 1967 – 15 January 1970 (2 years, 6 months, 1 week and 2 days) Location Nigeria Result Nigerian victory Territorial changes Biafra rejoins Nigeria|
|Nigeria Egypt (air support)||Biafra|
What is the ethnic conflict in Nigeria?
In Northern Nigeria, clashes between Muslim groups—mainly ethnic Hausa and Fulani—and Christian and traditionalist communities have become a monthly affair, with devastating consequences. … Since independence, religious and ethnic rhetoric has leveraged claims to political representation and opportunities.
What are the major causes of ethnic conflict in Nigeria?
Ethnic conflicts in Nigeria and Africa in general arise as result of scarcity of political resources, multi-culturalism, religion, militarisation of ethnicity among others. These conflicts cannot be ignored.
What led to the conflict in Nigeria?
Religious and ethnic nationalism has led to conflicts about control of state power, unequal allocation of resources, citizenship issues, state collapse, economic decline and ethno-religious clashes.
What causes ethnicity in Nigeria?
Colonization, the struggle for position and power, resource control, social class status and land dispute has been the causes of ethnic conflicts within Nigeria.
What ended the Nigerian Civil War?
July 6, 1967 – January 15, 1970
What are the major causes of ethnic conflict?
Ethnic conflict arises if ethnic groups compete for the same goal—notably power, access to resources, or territory. The interests of a society’s elite class play an important role in mobilizing ethnic groups to engage in ethnic conflicts. Ethnic conflict is thus similar to other political interest conflicts.
What are the example of conflict in Nigeria?
The government of Nigeria has been waging wars on several fronts, including responding to the proliferation of militant groups in the Niger Delta, the war on terror against Boko Haram, religious and ethnic-based conflicts breaking out between communities, as well as recent incidences of farmer-herder conflicts over …
How many people have been affected by the ethnic conflict in Nigeria?
Currently, the conflict between Fulani herders and other Nigerian farmers have intensified. From 2011 to 2016, roughly 2,000 people have been killed and tens of thousands have been displaced. This is partly due to the rise of jihadist groups, such as Boko Haram.
What are examples of ethnic conflict?
Other examples of ethnic violence include:
- Antisemitic pogroms in European history.
- Foiba massacres in Dalmatia.
- Oromo-Somali clashes in Ethiopia in 2017.
- Ethnic violence in South Sudan.
- Sudanese nomadic conflicts.
- Race riots and racial supremacist violence in the United States. …
- Race riots in the United Kingdom.
What role does religion play in ethnic conflict?
First, they provide further evidence that religion can be and often is an important factor in ethnic conflict. … They show that religious factors influence the dynamics of ethnic conflicts in a manner similar to but distinct from other types of grievances and discrimination.
What causes the ethnic conflict in Africa?
In short, the root causes of the armed ethnic violence in these three regions can be attributed to non-inclusive political systems, marginalization and neglect, monopolization of state resources, and exclusion of citizens, coupled with environmental disasters and increased competition over limited resources of the …
What is the first religion that came to Nigeria?
Islam in Ancient Yoruba is referred to as Esin Imale (religion of the malians) as the earliest introduction of the religion to that region was through Malian itinerant traders (Wangara Traders) around the 14th century.
What is the major religion of Nigeria?
The dominant religions in Nigeria are Islam and Christianity, imported to West Africa generations ago. But traditional African religion has not been forgotten, especially among the Yoruba ethnic group.
What is inter communal conflict in Nigeria?
Inter-communal land conflict occurs when at least two communities lay claim to the same piece of land or the use and ownership of land resources along their common border. Otite and Albert (1999) report that the right to own and use land underlies most inter-communal land conflicts in Nigeria (see also Wehrmann, 2008).