The trouble stems from the way yam is grown by Nigeria’s small farmers. New tubers grow directly from planted pieces of old ones, rather than from seed. Traditionally, farmers will set aside the more measly yams from each harvest to use as seed yams for the next season, and take the bigger ones away to eat or sell.
How long does it take yam to grow in Nigeria?
Depending on the species, yam grows for six to ten months and is dormant for two to four months, these two phases usually corresponding to the wet season and the dry season. In West and Central Africa, tubers are planted between February and April, depending on the weather in the humid forest or on the savanna.
What is the best time to plant yam in Nigeria?
Plant the Yams
Yam is best planted during rainy season within the months of December and December. These periods are also the best periods for land preparation. If you are planting white yam, it would be best you do that during march although, it depends on when the rainy season starts.
What month is yam harvested in Nigeria?
Yams are a primary agricultural commodity across much of West and Central Africa where tubers are planted between February and April and harvested 180 to 270 days later.
Which state in Nigeria produce yam most?
Taraba is the top region by production of yam in Nigeria. As of 2005, production of yam in Taraba was 3,162 1000 metric tons that accounts for 12.89% of Nigeria’s production of yam. The top 5 regions (others are Benue, Niger, Enugu, and Kaduna) account for 50.55% of it.
What is the best month to plant yam?
Yam is best planted between February and March in mounds or ridges by planting seed yams (pieces of tubers or completely small ones) preserved for the new planting season. However, in some localities especially in riverine areas, land preparation, clearing and burning of grasses, heaping and ridging are done earlier.
How many months does it take for Yam to grow?
Depending on the variety, yams are harvested 6 to 12 months after planting. Lift the tubers when the leaves and stems turn yellow and dry. Do not leave the ripe tubers too long in the ground, otherwise they become bitter and may rot.
What part of yam is used for planting?
With this practice, yam planting material is often a combination of cut tubers and whole tubers, and the cut portions are made up of setts from the head, middle and tail sections of the tuber.
What is Yam Minisett?
White yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir.) is an important tuber crop grown throughout West Africa, the Caribbean, and Latin America. … The Yam Minisett Technique (YMT) was introduced in Nigeria in the late 1970s as a means of increasing the production of seed yams.
Is yam farming profitable in Nigeria?
Yam farming business is a profitable agribusiness venture which you can start on a medium to large scale. Nigeria is a major producer and consumer of yams, yet we have not sustained production to support exports on a large scale. profitable despite high production costs.
What is wild yam called in Nigeria?
Other common names for bitter yam include African bitter yam, wild yellow yam, trifoliate (three-leaved) yam and cluster yam. Bitter yam is known as ‘ji una’ or ‘ji ona’ in Ojoto and many Igbo speaking area in the south-eastern Nigeria, where it is regarded as food for the adult.
Why are yams so important to the Igbo?
Yams are the essential crop within Umuofia; the yam is a crucial staple in the Igbo diet. The number of yams a man successfully grows indicates his wealth and rank within the society. … Yam stood for manliness, and he who could feed his family on yams from one harvest to another was a very great man indeed” (33).
Who is the richest state in Nigeria?
Lagos State. Lagos state is the richest state in Nigeria, it was founded on 27th May 1967 and was the then Federal Capital Territory for the colonial administrators. Lagos also served as a major financial center as it is Nigeria’s largest urban area.
Which state has the best Garri in Nigeria?
Benue is the top region by production of cassava in Nigeria.
Who owns the biggest farm in Nigeria?
Rotimi Williams: 39-year-old Nigerian who owns 2nd largest rice farm in the country
- – Rotimi Williams is making the country proud as his success in the agricultural sector has always been a reference point.
- – The young man owns the second largest rice farm in Nigeria which is situated in Nasarawa.